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**Top Drugs

Pharmacy Tech training

TermDefinition
metformin Glucophage *antidiabetic
Xylocaine lidocaine *anesthetic - used topically for dental purposes
Septocaine articaine/epinephrine *used topically for dental purposes
Carbocaine mepivacaine *used topically for dental purposes
Citanest prilocaine *used topically for dental purposes
Marcaine bupivacaine *anesthetic - used topically for dental purposes
miconazole Lamisil *antifungal
buprenorphine SL Subutex *used to treat opiod dependence
Procan SR and Pronestyl procainamide *antiarrhythmic
Betapace sotalol *antiarrhythmic
Lanoxin digoxin *antiarrhythmic
Cordarone amiodarone *antiarrhythmic
heparin common injectable anticoagulant
Lovenox epoxaparin *common injectable anticoagulant
Coumadin warfarin *most common oral anticoagulant
Plavix clopidagrel *anticoagulant
Lipitor atorvastatin *antihyperlipidemic
Mevacor lovastatin *antihyperlipidemic
Zocor simvastatin *antihyperlipidemic
Crestor rosuvastatin *antihyperlipidemic
Pravachol pravastatin *antihyperlipidemic
Questran cholestyramine *antihyperlipidemic *bile acid sequestrant
Colestid colesipol *antihyperlipidemic *bile acid sequestrant
Niaspan niacin *vitamin B3
Lopid gemfibrozil *fibrate *lowers triglycerides
Tricor fenofibrate *fibrate *lowers triglycerides
Vasotec enalapril *ACE inhibitor *antihypertensive
Monopril fosinopril *ACE inhibitor *antihypertensive
Zestril lisinopril *ACE inhibitor *antihypertensive
Capoten captopril *ACE inhibitor *antihypertensive
Accupril quinapril *ACE inhibitor *antihypertensive
Altace ramipril *ACE inhibitor *antihypertensive
Lotensin benazepril *ACE inhibitor *antihypertensive
Atacand candesartan cilexetil *angiotensin II antagonists *antihypertensive
Avalide irbesartan/HTCZ *angiotensin II antagonists *antihypertensive
Avapro irbesartan *angiotensin II antagonists *antihypertensive
Benicar HCT olmesartan medoxomil/HTCZ *angiotensin II antagonists *antihypertensive
Cozaar losartan *angiotensin II antagonists *antihypertensive
Diovan valsartan *angiotensin II antagonists *antihypertensive
Hyzaar losartain/HCTZ *angiotensin II antagonists *antihypertensive
Catapres clonidine *antihypertensive
Aldomet methyldopa *antihypertensive
Apresoline hydralazine *vasodilator *antihypertensive
Imdur and Isordil isosorbide *vasodilator *antihypertensive *nitrate
Nitroquick and Nitro-Bid nitroglycerin *vasodilator *antihypertensive
Inderal propranolol *beta blocker *antihypertensive
Tenormin atenolol *beta blocker *antihypertensive
Toprol XL metoprolol succinate *beta blocker *antihypertensive
Lopressor metoprolol tartate *beta blocker *antihypertensive
Betimol timolol *beta blocker (In eye drops) *antihypertensive
Coreg carvedilol *treats moderate heart failure
Norvasc amlodipine *beta blocker *antihypertensive
Cardizem and Cartia XT diltiazem *beta blocker *antihypertensive
Procardia nifedipine *beta blocker *antihypertensive
Calan verapamil *beta blocker *antihypertensive
Pepcid AC famotidine *H2 blocker *antacid
Zantac ranitidine *H2 blocker *antacid
Axid nizatidine *H2 blocker *antacid
Tagamet cimetidine *H2 blocker *antacid
Prevacid lansoprazole *proton pump inhibitor *antacid
Prilosec omeprazole *proton pump inhibitor *antacid
Nexium esomeprazole *proton pump inhibitor *antacid
AcipHex rabeprazole *proton pump inhibitor *antacid
Protonix pantoprazole *proton pump inhibitor *antacid
Carafate sucralfate *creates barrier - protects like a bandaid
Reglan metoclopramide *antiemetic
domperodone generic only *antiemetic
scopolamine generic only -"zombie drug" *antiemetic
Bonine or Antivert meclizine *antiemetic
Phenergan promethazine *antiemetic
Compazine and Tigan **antiemetics
Pepto-Bismol *antiemetic
hydrocholothiazide(HTCZ) lots of brand names *diuretic
Lasix furosemide *diuretic
Aldactone spironolactone *diuretic
Actos pioglitazone *diabetic
Amaryl glimepiride *diabetic
Avandia rosiglitazone *diabetic
DiaBeta and Micronase glyburide *diabetic
Glucotrol glipizide *diabetic
Glucovance glyburide/metformin *diabetic
Humulin R. and Novolin R. short acting insulin *only insulin that can be administered intravenously
Humalog, NovoLog, and Apidra rapid acting insulins
Humulin N. and Novolin N. intermediate acting insulins
Lantus and Levemir long acting insulins *closely mimics natural insulin release
NovoLog Mix 70/30 Humalog Mix 75/25 Humulin 70/30 insulin mixtures
Synthroid and Levoxyl levothyroxine *treats low thyroid
Cytomel *more potent *treats low thyroid
propythiouracil *treats hyperthyroidism
Fosamax alendronate *treats osteoporosis
Boniva ibandronate *treats osteoporosis
Actonel risendronate *treats osteoporosis
Evista raloxifene *treats osteoporosis
Pitocin oxytocin *induces labor and lactation
Cytotec *induces labor
Clomid clomiphene *treats infertility
estradoil *common type of estrogen
FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) & LH (luteinizing hormone) Follistim, Repronex, Pergonal, etc *hormones important to In Vitro Fertilization
Lupron *decreases bodys production of hormone *used in In vitro fertilization
Pregnyl *synthetically introduces the hormone HCG to release eggs **used for in vitro fertilization
Viagra sildenafil *ED medication
Cialis tadalafil *ED medication
Levitra vardenafil *ED medication
Amoxil amoxicillin *antibiotic
Penicillin -VK penicillin *antibiotic
Augmentin amoxicillin/clavulanate *antibiotic
ampicillin, dicloxacillin, nafcillin, piperacillin types of penicillin *antibiotic
Ceftin cefuroxime *cephalosporin *antibiotic
Cefzil cefprozil *cephalosporin *antibiotic
Ceptaz or Fortaz ceftazidime *cephalosporin *antibiotic
Rocephin ceftriazone *cephalosporin *antibiotic
Keflex cephalexin *cephalosporin *antibiotic
Omnicef cedinir *cephalosporin *antbiotic
Zithromax azithromycin *macrolide *antibiotic
Biaxin clarithromycin *macrolide *antibiotic
Ery - Tab erythromycin *macrolide *antibiotic
Cleocin clindamycin *similar to macrolide *antibiotic
Vibramycin doxycycline *tetracycline * broad spectrum antibiotic
Sumycin tetracycline *tetracycline *broad spectrum antibiotic
Cipro ciprofloxacin *quinolone *broad spectrum antibiotic
Levaquin lecofloxacin *quinolone *broad spectrum antibiotic
Avelox moxifloxacin *quinolone *broad spectrum antibiotic
Flagyl metronidazole *antibiotic
Garamycin gentamicin *antibiotic
Macrobid nitrofurantoin *antibiotic
Bactrim DS and Septra DS sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim *antibiotic
vancomycin fairly toxic - "drug of last resort" *antibiotic
Neosporin neomycin, bacitracin, and polymyxin B *antibiotic
Mycostatin nystatin *antifungal
Monistat miconazole *antifungal
Lotrimin and Mycelex clotrimazole *antifungal
Diflucan fluconazole *antifungal
Zovirax acyclovir *antiviral
Valtrex valacyclovir *antiviral
aspirin Bayer, Bufferin, Ecotrin, Excedrin -- acetylasaliclic acid
acetaminophen Tylenol, Anacin-3 *lowers fever and kill pain
ibuprofen NSAID - anti-inflammatory
naproxen Aleve, Naprosyn, Anaprox *NSAID - anti-inflammatory
Indocin indomethacin *NSAID - anti-inflammatory
Feldene piroxicam *NSAID - anti-inflammatory
Tolectin tolmetin *NSAID - anti-inflammatory
Relafen nabumetone *NSAID - anti-inflammatory
Voltaren diclofenac sodium *NSAID - anti-inflammatory
Celebrex celecoxib *COX-2 inhibitor NSAID - anti-inflammatory
Percocet oxycodone/acetaminophen *narcotic Schedule II
Tylox oxycodone/acetaminophen *narcotic Schedule II
OxyContin oxycodone *narcotic Schedule II
Percodan aspirin/oxycodone *narcotic Schedule II
Vicodin hydrocodone/acetaminophen *narcotic Schedule II
Lorcet hydrocodone/acetaminophen *narcotic Schedule III
Darvon propoxyphene *narcotic Schedule IV
Ultram tramadol *narcotic Schedule IV or V - controlled
Demerol meperidine *narcotic Schedule II
MS-Contin morphine *narcotic Schedule II
Duragesic fentanyl *narcotic Schedule II
Darvocet-N propoxyphene/acetaminophen *narcotic Schedule IV
Novocain procaine *anesthetic
Orajel benzocaine *anesthetic
Brevital methohexital *anesthetic given by IV
Versed midazolam *anesthetic given by IV
Diprivan propofol *anesthetic given by IV
Deltasone prednisone *corticosteroid - fights inflammation
Luxiq betamethasone *topical corticosteroid - fights inflammation
Qvar beclomethasone *oral inhaler corticosteroid - fights inflammation
Cortone Acetate cortisone *injection or tablet corticosteroid - fights inflammation
Decadron dexamethasone *corticosteroid (tablet, injection, eye drops, cream, ointment, elixir) - fights inflammation
Retisert fluocinolone *corticosteroid (injection, lotion, cream, solution, ointment and oil) fights inflammation
Nutracort hydrocortisone *corticosteroid (cream, lotion or gel) - fights inflammation
Medrol methylprednisolone *corticosteroid (tablet) - fights inflammation
Kenalog triamcinolone *corticosteroid (cream, ointment, lotion or spray) fights inflammation
Xanax alprazolam *benzodiazepine - anti-anxiety
Klonopin clonazepam *benzodiazepine - anti-anxiety
Valium diazepam *benzodiazepine - anti-anxiety
Ativan lorazepam *benzodiazepine - anti-anxiety
Halcion triazolam *benzodiazepine - anti-anxiety
BuSpar buspirone *muscle relaxer - anti-anxiety
Skelaxin metaxalone *muscle relaxer - anti-anxiety
Soma carisoprodol *muscle relaxer - anti-anxiety
Flexeril cyclobenzaprine *muscle relaxer - anti-anxiety
baclofen generic only. *antispasmodic - treats MS and ALS
Tofranil imipramine *tricyclic antidepressant
Norpramin desipramine *tricyclic antidepressant
Pamelor nortriptyline *tricyclic antidepressant
Paxil paroxetine *SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) - an antidepressant
Prozac fluoxetine *SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) - an antidepressant
Zoloft sertraline *SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) - an antidepressant
Celexa citalopram *SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) - an antidepressant
Lexapro escitalopram *SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) - an antidepressant
Desyrel trazodone *tetracyclic compound - antidepressant
Remeron mirtazapine *tetracyclic compound - antidepressant
Wellbutrin bupropion *tetracyclic compound - antidepressant
Ambien zolpidem *treats insomnia (referred to as a sedative)
Lunesta eszopiclone *treats insomnia (referred to as a sedative)
Restoril temazepam *treats insomnia (referred to as a sedative)
Thorazine chlorpromazine *anti-psychotic
Haldol haloperidol *anti-psychotic - treatment of schizophrenia and delirium
Litho-Bid lithium *anti-psychotic
Abilify aripiprazole *anti-psychotic
Risperdal risperidone *anti-psychotic
Zyprexa olanzapine *anti-psychotic
Clozaril clozapine *anti-psychotic
Dilantin phenytoin *antiepileptic
Neurontin gabapentin *antiepileptic
Tegretol carbamazepine *antiepileptic
Depakote devalproex sodium *antiepileptic
Ritalin and Concerta methylphenidate *Schedule II - treats ADD and ADHD
Adderall amphetamine *Schedule II - treats ADD and ADHD
Strattera atomoxetine *treats ADHD - non-stimulant and not controlled
Sinemet carbidopa/levodopa *treats Parkinson Disease
Mirapex pramopexole *treats Parkinson Disease
Cogentin benztropine *treats Parkinson Disease
Namenda memantine *treats Alzheimers Disease
Aricept donepezil *treats Alzheimers Disease
Ginkgo herbal remedy *treats Alzheimers Disease
Benadryl diphenhydramine *antihistamine
Dimetapp and Robitussin brompheniramine *antihistamine
NyQuil doxylamine *antihistamine
Alavert and Claritin loratadine *antihistamine
Vistaril and Atarax hydroxyzine *antihistamine
Allegra fexofenadine *antihistamine
Zyrtec cetirizine *antihistamine
Flonase fluticasone *nasal corticosteroid - treats allergies
Nasonex mometasone *nasal corticosteroid - treats allergies
Proventil and Ventolin albuterol *short acting beta-agonist *bronchodilators
Maxair pirbuterol *short acting beta-agonist *bronchodilators
Serevent salmeterol *long lasting beta-agonist *bronchodilators
Atrovent ipratropium *anticholinergic *bronchodilator (inhaled regularly)
Combivent albuterol(beta agonist)/ipratropium(anticholinergic) *powerful bronchodilator
Theo-Dur and Slo-bid theophylline *long acting bronchodilator - taken daily
Singulair montelukast *leukotriene inhibitor - treats asthma
Advair fluticasone-salmeterol *combination inhaler used as a bronchodilator
Sudafed pseudoephedrine *decongestant
Afrin oxymetazoline *nasal decongestant
Dristan cerner multum *nasal decongestant
Differin adapalene *treats acne in a cream or gel solution
Brevoxyl benzoyl peroxide *treats acne in a cream, lotion or soap form
Tazorac tazorotene *treats acne in a cream or gel form
Retin-A tretinoin *treats acne in a cream or gel solution
BenzaClin clindamycin-benzoyl peroxide *treats acne in a gel form
Elidel pimecrolimus *treats psoriasis or eczema in a cream form
Protopic tacrolimus *treats psoriasis or eczema in ointment form
Carmol and Keralac urea *treats psoriasis or eczema in a cream or lotion form
Zovirax acyclovir *treats viral infections in a cream form
Abreva docosanol *treats viral infections in a cream form
Aldara imiquimod *treats viral infections in a cream form
Denavir penciclovir *treats viral infections in a cream form
Bactroban mupirocin *treats skin infections
Altrex, Lotemax loteprednol *corticosteroid - eye medication
FML Forte fluorometholone *corticosteroid - eye medication
Maxitrol neomycin/polymyxin B/dexamethasone *corticosteroid - eye medication
TobraDex tobramycin/dexamethasone *antibiotic and corticosteroid combination - eye medication
Patanol olopatadine *antihistamine - eye medication
Zaditor ketotifen *antihistamine - eye medication
Restasis cyclosporine *treats chronic dry eye
Alphagan P brimonidine *treats glaucoma
Xalatan latanoprost *treats glaucoma
Timoptic timolol *treats glaucoma
Auralgan antipyrine/benzocaine *ear medication *analgesic
Ciprodex ciprofloxacin/dexamethasone *ear medication *antibiotic
Cortisporin Otic neomycin/polymyxin B/hydrocortisone *ear medication *antibiotic
Debrox carbamide peroxide *ear medication *wax dissolver
Cerumenex thriethanolamine polypeptide/oleate condensate *ear medication *wax dissolver
Myleran busulfan *cancer drug
Platinol cisplatin *cancer drug
Cytoxan cyclophosphamide *cancer drug
Ifex ifosfamide *cancer drug
Efudex fluorouracil *cancer drug
Xeloda capecitabine *cancer drug
Hydrea hydroxyurea *cancer drug
Trexall and Rheumatrex methotrexate *cancer drug
Purinethol mercaptopurine *cancer drug
Cerubidine daunorbicin *anti-tumor antibiotic *cancer drug
Adriamycin doxorubicin *anti-tumor antibiotic *cancer drug
Abraxane paclitaxel *plant alkaloid
VePesid etoposide *plant alkaloid
Oncovin vincristine *plant alkaloid
Panretin gel used to treat skin lesions. *treats cancer
St. Johns Wort herbal supplement *treats moderate depression
ginseng herbal supplement *boosts energy
feverfew supplement used to treat migranes
Saw Palmetto supplement *used as a diuretic
Valerian supplement *used to sleep
Echinacea supplement *treats common cold
Melatonin supplement *used for sleep
Chromium picolinate supplement *used to improve insulin metabolism and for weight loss
Glucosamine supplement *treats arthritis