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A.H. II Dental skill

Dental skills

Odontology A study of the anatomy, growth, and diseases of the teeth.
dentitions The number, type, and arrangement of teeth in the mouth.
Crown The anatomical portion of a tooth that is exposed in the oral cavity, above the ginvia, or gums.
Root The anatomic portion of a tooth that is below the gingiva; helps hold the tooth in the mouth.
Cervix Anatomical part of a tooth where the crown joins with the root.
Apex The pointed extremity of a conelike structure.
Enamel Hardest tissue in the body.
Cementum Hard, bonelike tissue that covers the outside of the root.
Dentine Tissue that makes up the main bulk of the tooth.
Pulp Soft tissue located in the innermost area of the tooth.
Periodontium Consists of those structures that surround and support the teeth and includes the alveolar prpocess, the periodontal ligament, and the gingiva.
Aveolar process The bone tissue of the maxilla and mandible that surrounds the roots of the teeth.
Periodontal ligament Consists of dense fivers of connective tissue that attach to the cementum of the tooth and to the alveolus.
Gingiva or gums They cover the alveolar bone and surround the teeth.
Incisors Teeth located in the front and center of the mouth; used to cut food.
Cluspids Also called a canine or eyetooth; the type of tooth located at angel of lips and used to tear food.
Bicuspids Also called premolars; the teeth that pulverize or grind food and are located between cuspids and molars.
Molars Teeth in the back of the mouth, largest and strongest teeth and used to chew and grind food.
Primary or deciduous, teeth The first set of 20 teeth.
Quadrants Four sections.
Maxillary Upper jawbone
Mandibular Horseshoe-shaped bone that forms the lower jaw; only movable bone of the skull.
Permanent or succedaneous teeth Second set of teeth
Universal Numbering System An abbreviated form for identifying the teeth.
Federation Dentaire International System Abbreviated means of identifying the teeth that uses a two digit code to identify the quadrant and tooth.
Anterior Towards the front
Posterior Towards the back
Labial Crown surface next to the lips; facial surface
Lingual Crown surface next to the tongue
Incisal Cutting edge of the tooth
Mesial Side surface closets to the midline
Midline The imaginary line dividing mouth into a right half and a left half
Distal Side surface away from the midline; the side surface facing toward the back of the mouth.
Buccal Crown surface next to face or cheel; facial surface
Lingual Crown surface next to the tongue
Occlusal Chewing or grinding surface of the toothesial
Mesial Side surface toward the midline of the mouth
Line angles Form where two crown surfaces meet.
Point angles Form where three crown surfaces meet.
Dental light Used in dental units to illuminate the oral cavity.
Dental chair Special chair designed to position a patient comfortably while providing easy access to the patient's oral cavity
Air compressor Provides air pressure to operate the handpieces and air syringes on the dental units.
Oral evacuation sustem Called a central vacuum system, uses water to provide the dental units with a sucdtion action.
Assistant's cart Cart's for assistants
Tri-flow or air-water syringe Handpiece that provides, air, water, or a combination of air and water for various dental procedures
Saliva ejector Low volume suction to remove saliva from the mouth
High velocity oral evacuator Used to remove particles, debris, and large amounts of liquid from the oral cavity.
Cuspidor Bowl or cup that can be used to allow the patient to expectorate (spit out) particles and water
Doctors cart Contain air-water syringes in addition to a variety of handpieces
Rheostats Foot controls used to operate the handpieces.
Contra angle Used for cutting and polishing during various dental procedures
Burs Rotary instruments used to cut, shape, finish, and polish teeth, restorations, and dental appliances.
Low-speed handpiece Used for dental caries (dedcay) removal and fine-finishing work
Prophylaxis angle Holds polishing cups, disks, and brushes that are used to clean the teeth or to polish resstorations.
High-speed handpiece Used to do most of the cutting and preparation of the tooth during dental procedures.
Carious lesions An occurrence of tooth decay
Plaque A thin tenacious, filmlike deposit that adheres to the teeth and can lead to decay
Halitosis Bad breath
Impression A negative reproduction of a tooth
Model or cast A positive reproduction of the arches or teeth that is created from the negative impression
Alginate An irreversible, hyddrocolloid impression material.
Rubber base An elastomeric impression material that is elastic and rubbery in nature.
Plaster Gypsum product used to form models. It is used mainly where strength is not a critical factor such as for study models and preliminary models.
Stone A refined gypsum product that produces a stronger more regular and uniform model.
Anesthesia The state of inability to feel sensation, especially the sensation of pain
Carpules Glass cartridges that contain premeasured amounts of anesthetic solutions.
Aspirating syringes Used to inject local anesthetic.
Liner Material used to cover, line, or seal exposed tooth tissue, such as dentin.
Base Protective material that is placed over pulpal area of a tooth to reduce irritation and thermal (heat) shock.
Cement Used to permanently seal inlays, orthodontic appliances, crowns, and bridges in place.
Temporary Material used as a restorative material for a short time and only until permanent restoration can be done.
Restoration The process of replacing a diseased portion of a tooth or a lost tooth by artificial means.
Cavity A hole in a tooth
Amalgam A restorative material used primarily on posterior teeth.
Composite Restorative material used most frequently in the repair of anterior teeth, but can also be used to restore posterior teeth.
Radiographs Negatives taken of the teeth.
Radiolucent Areas that appear dark on X-rays
Radiopaque Areas that appear light or white on X-rays
Bitewings (BWXR) Show only the crowns of the maxillary and mandibular teeth.
Periapical films (PA) Show the tooth and the surrounding area, and can show root-end infection.
Pedontic (child) films Used on children to show disease or other conditions of the teeth.
Occlusal films Used to view the occlusal (chewing) planes of the maxilla or mandible
Created by: thosey
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