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Cardio Terms (LC)

TermDefinition
Myocardial Infarction Heart Attack
Cardiac Syncope Fainting or light headedness
Pericarditis Inflammation of the pericardium
Dypsnea Shortness of breath especially with mild exertion
Palpitation Irregular , fast, or extra heart beat due to arrhythmia
Claudication Cramping or leg pain due to peripheral vascular disease
CHF Heart is unable to pump sufficient blood causing backups
Orthopnea Breathlessness when recumbent, relieved by sitting upright
Hypertensive Cardiovascular Disease Cardiac output verses increased peripheral vascular resistance
Peripheral Edema Bilateral fluid gain in ankle, abdomen, and hands, maybe sign of CHF
Peripheral Vascular Disease Pathology of blood vessels supplying extremities & abdominal organs (Atherosclerosis, vasculitis, pain, muscle weakness)
Angina Chest pain due to obstructed flow of oxygenated blood to the heart tissue
Coronary Artery Disease Coronary arteries become narrowed or blocked starving the heart of oxygen
Arteriosclerosis Thickening and loss of elasticity of arterial walls (hardening of arteries)
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dypsnea Sudden episode of shortness of breath which awakens a person, accompanies CHF
Aneurysm Abnormal stretching of artery wall, vein or the heart causing sac like formation
Arthrosclerosis Thickening of artery wall through accumulations of lipids, calcium, and necrotic debris
Orthrostatic Hypotension Decrease of 20mmHg or greater when moving from supine to sitting to standing
Chronic Venous Insufficiency (Venous stasis) Inadequate venous return over time due to damaged valves in the veins limiting venous return
Myocarditis Inflammation of muscular wall of the heart caused by infection or ischemic heart condition
Vasovagal Syncope Parasympathetic response causing vasodilation thru-out the the body leading to hypotension or fainting
Created by: lcox