Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Pulmonary Terms (LC)

Pulmonary Terms

Ventilation Ability to move air in and out of lungs.
Respiration Gas exchange that supplies oxygen and removes carbon dioxide.
Hypoxemia Deficient oxygen in arterial blood caused by respiratory or cardiovascular compromise.
Hypoxia Diminished availability of oxygen to the body tissues.
Hypercapnia Too much carbon dioxide in the blood.
Dyspnea Subjective feeling of shortness of breathe due to hypoxemia or emotional state.
Cyanosis Bluish color or skin/membranes due to decreased oxygen saturation.
Persistent Dry Cough May be caused by a tumor, congestion, or hypertensive airways (allergies).
Productive cough w/purulent sputum May indicate infection.
Productive cough w/o purulent sputum Nonspecific & indicates airway irritation.
Hemoptysis Indicates pathologic condition including infection, inflammation, abscess, tumor, or infection.
Apneustic Gasping inspiration followed by short expirations.
Hypoventilation Common, reduction in the amount of air entering the pulmonary alveoli and increases arterial CO2 levels.
Hyperventilation Abnormal prolonged deep breathing.
Lateral-costal breathing Generalized weakness, Guillian-Barre syndrome, chest flattened anteriorly w/excessive flaring of lower ribs, minimal to no upper chest expansion.
Crackles/Rales Discontinuous, low pitched sounds predominantly heard during inspiration that indicates secretions in the peripheral airways.
Stridor A shrill, harsh sound heard during inspiration in the presence or laryngeal obstruction.
Wheezing High-pitched, continuous whistling sound, usually w/expiration & related to broncho-spasm or other constriction of the airways.
Pneumonia Inflammation of parenchyma of the lungs caused by infectious agent or aspiration (often follows the flu).
Tuberculosis Causes granuloma and necrosis of lung tissue, systemic infectious inflammatory disease of the lungs
COPD Family of lung pathologies that often coexist that limit flow.
Chronic Bronchitis Productive cough greater than 3 months/year for 2 consecutive years.
Emphysema Pathologic accumulation or air in the lungs.
Asthma Reversible obstructive lung disease w/inflammation and increased muscle spasm around airways.
Cystic Fibrosis Inherited genetic disorder causing impermeability of epithelial cells to chloride.
Restrictive Lung Disease Any condition that reduces lung volume and decreases compliance.
Pulmonary Fibrosis Epithelial damage and inflammation leads to progressive scarring in the lungs.
Scleroderma autoimmune connective tissue disorder w/excessive collagen deposition in kidneys and lungs.
Atelectasis Collapse of normally expanded lung tissue involving all or part of lung.
Pulmonary Edema Fluid leaks into alveolar space, decreasing area for gas exchange.
Pulmonary Embolism Lodging of blood clot from DVT in pulmonary artery obstructing blood supply to the lungs.
Pulmonary Hypertension High BP or pulmonary arteries due to narrowing of the pulmonary arterioles or increase of pressure leaving the heart.
Cor Pulmonale Enlargement of right ventricle due to pulmonary hypertension from other disease process (usually emphysema or chronic bronchitis).
Pneumothorax Accumulation of air in the pleural cavity, collapsing the lung on the affected side.
Pleurisy Inflammation of the pleura caused by infection (pneumonia, TB, Flu).
Pleural Effusion Collection of fluid in the pleural space.
Created by: lcox
Popular Physical Therapy sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards