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Chapter 15

TermDefinition
Psychiatrists are physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders
Insight therapies involve verbal interactions intended to enhance clients’ self-knowledge and thus promote healthful changes in personality and behaviour
Psychoanalysis an insight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conflicts, motives and defense through techniques such as free association
Interpretation refers to the therapist’s attempts to explain the inner simportance of the client’s thoughts, feelings, memories and behaviours
Resistance refers to largely unconscious defensive plans intended to delay the progress of therapy
Transference occurs when clients unconsciously start relating to their therapist in ways that mimic critical relationships in their lives
Client-Centred therapy an insight therapy that emphasizes providing a supportive emotional climate for clients, who pay a major role in determining the speed and direction of their therapy
Group therapy simultaneous (done at the same time) treatment of several clients in a group
Couples or martial therapy involves the treatment of both partners in a committed, inimate relationship, in which the main focus is on relationship issues
Family therapy involves the treatment of a family unit as a whole, in which the main focus is on family dynamics (active) and communication
Spontaneous remission is a recovery from a disorder that occurs without formal treatment
Behaviour therapies involve the application of learning principles to direct efforts to change clients maladaptive behaviours
Systematic desensitization a behaviour therapy used to reduce phobic clients anxiety responses through counter-conditioning
Exposure therapies clients are confronted with situations that they fear so that they learn that these situations are really harmless
Aversion therapy a behaviour therapy in which an aversive stimulus is paired with a stimulus that draws out an undesirable response
Social skills training is a behaviour therapy designed to improve interpersonal skills that emphasizes modelling, behavioural rehearsal and shaping
Cognitive-behavioural treatments used varied combinations of verbal interventions and behaviour modification techniques to help clients change maladaptive patterns of thinking
Cognitive therapy uses specific strategies to correct habitual thinking errors that underlie various types of disorders
Biomedical therapies are physiological interventions intended to reduce symptoms associated with psychological disorders
Psychopharmacotherapy the treatment of mental disorders with medication
Antianxiety drugs relieve tension, anxiety and nervousness
Antipsychotic drugs are used to gradually reduce psychotic symptoms, including hyperactivity, mental confusion, hallucinations and delusions
Tardive dyskinesia is a neurological disorder marked by involuntary squriming movement of the body and tic-like movements of the mouth, tongue, face, hands or feet
Antidepressant drugs gradually elevate mood and help bring people out of depression
Mood Stabilizers drugs used to control mood swings in patients with bipolar mood disorders
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a biomedical treatment in which electric shock is used to produce a cortical seizure accompanied by convulsions (body muscles contract and relax rapidly and repeatedly, resulting in uncontrollable shaking of the body)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) a new technique that permits scientists to temporarily enhance or depress activity in a specific area of the brain
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) a thin electrode is surgically implanted in the brain and connected to an implanted pulse generator so that various electrical currents can be delivered to brain tissue next to the electrode
Eclecticism the practice of therapy involves drawing ideas from 2 or more systems of therapy instead of committing to just one system
Mental hospital a medical institution specializing in providing impatient care for psychological disorders
Deinstitutionalization transferring the treatment of mental illness from impatient institutions to community based facilities that emphasize outpatient care
Created by: eric25