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Xanthine bronchodil

QuestionAnswer
theophylline AKA dimethylxanthine
SE; cerebral stimulation headaches;anxiety; nervousness; insomnia; convulsions
GI SE n/v abdominal pain; diarrhea; GERD
cardiovascular stimulation SE palpitations; SVT; ventricular arrhythmia's; hypotension
other SE of Theophylline (dimethlxanthine) bronchodilation; pulmonary vasodilation; smooth muscle relaxation; coronary vasodilation; diuresis
mode of action is cAMP by _ _ inhibiting phosphodiesterase
optimum serum theophylline level is 10-20 & 5-15 for asthmatics
it is thought that the Respiratory stimulate action _ the diaphram strangthens
Tx for Pt with Asthma COPD apnea of prematurity
Theophylline + Albuterol= synergism (1+1=3)
Aminophylline is not give _ r/t irritating pharynx; bitter taste; coughing & wheezing aerosolized
oral aminphylline given for _ & IV for _ maintenance acute episodes
Created by: aprince1