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BJU PhysicalSci 21

BJU Physical Science - Ch 21

QuestionAnswer
Any substance that donates hydrogen ions according to the Bronsted-Lowry model. Acid
Models of acids and bases in which acid compounds form hydronium ions (H3O) in aqueous solutions and bases form hydroxide ions in aqueous solutions. Arrhenius model
Any substance that accepts hydrogen ions according to the Bronsted-Lowry model. Base
A model of acids and bases that defines acidity and alkalinity based on hydrogen ion transfer. Acids donate hydrogen ions while bases accept hydrogen ions. Bronsted-Lowry model
The cation formed by the self-ionization of water (H3O). hydronium ion
The anion formed by the self-ionization of water; OH hydroxide ion
The reaction between an acid and a base that in an aqueous solution produces a salt and water. Neutralization reaction
A scale that indicates the acidity or alkalinity of a solution based on the logarithm of the hydronium ion concentration in moles per liter. pH scale
A substance that is formed from the combination of a base cation and an acid anion in a neutralization reaction. Salt
The proton donor created after a Bronsted-Lowry base accepts a proton. conjugate acid
The proton acceptor created after a Bronsted-Lowry acid donates a proton. conjugate base
Created by: heidio