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T & I.D.

Testing and Individual Differences

TermDefinition
Intelligence the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
Sternber'g Intelligence Theory a theory that describes three distinct types of intelligence that a person can possess: practical intelligence, creative intelligence, and analytical intelligence
Reliability the measurement consistency of a test (or of other kinds of measurement techniques)
Heritability the proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes
Gardner's Intelligence Theory a theory that has identified 7 distinct intelligences: visual-spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, linguistic, and logic-mathematical
Test-Retest Reliability a measure of reliability obtained from giving the same test twice over a period of time to a group of individuals
Stanford-Binet IQ Test an intelligence test that measures fluid reasoning, quantitative reasoning, knowledge, visual-spatial processing, and working memory, each measured in verbal and nonverbal domains
Achievement Tests a test designed to assess what a person has learned
Validity the ability of a test to measure what it was designed to measure
Weschler Intelligence Scales an intelligence scale which included many items that required nonverbal reasoning and which was based on the normal distribution; three separate scores are given: verbal IQ, performance (nonverbal) IQ, and full-scale (total) IQ
Standardized Tests an intelligence test that requires that all test-takers answer the same questions and that the tests will be scored in a "standard" or consistent manner
Flynn Effect the substantial and long-sustained increase in both fluid and crystallized intelligence test scores measured in many parts of the world since 1930
Spearman's Intelligence Theory a theory that described the g factor, or general intelligence; a theory that stated that intelligence is general cognitive ability that could be measured and numerically expressed
Aptitude Tests a test designed to predict a person's future performance
Normal Distribution a symmetric, bell-shaped curve that represents the pattern in which
Created by: shash_ravi