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Medical Terminology

Blue Module - Respiratory/Microbiology

TermDefinition
external respiration exchange of gases between lungs & outside environment
internal respiration exchange of gases between cells
trachea the windpipe
phonation sound production
bronchi tubes that lead from the trachea to the lungs
alveoli air sacs in the lungs
mediastinum space between the lungs where the heart lies
visceral pleura pleural membrane covering the lungs
parietal pleura pleural membrane lining the thoracic cavity
nasal pertaining to the nose
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
sinusitis inflammation of the sinuses
epiglottitis inflammation of the epiglottis
laryngoscopy process of examining the larynx
bronchiectasis dilation of the bronchi
bronchoscope instrument used to view the trachea & bronchial tubes
pulmonary pertaining to the lungs
pneumonitis inflammation of the lungs
pleuritis/pleurisy inflammation of the pleural membrane
phrenospasm spasm of the diaphragm
spirometer instrument used to measure vital capacity of the lungs
lobectomy surgical removal of a lobe of the lung
pneumoconiosis abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
hypoxemia lack of oxygen in the blood
orthopnea difficulty breathing in a horizontal position
dyspnea difficulty breathing
atelectasis collapsed lung
hypercapnia excessive carbon dioxide in the body
anosmia lack of the sense of smell
apnea lack of breathing
hemoptysis spitting up blood
bronchospasm spasm of the bronchial tubes
thoracodynia pain in the chest
asphyxia insufficient oxygen
compliance ability of the lung to stretch
coryza a head cold
epistaxis nosebleed
sputum abnormal thick fluid formed by the lower respiratory tract
bronchography process of examining the bronchial tree
pulmonary function studies series of tests designed to evaluate the volume & air flow rate of the lungs
colony visible growth on a culture plate
media nutrient; food; agar
inoculate to place a specimen in a culture medium & allowing it to grow for identification
normal flora non-disease producing microbes in the body
microbiology study of microorganisms
sensitivity testing a test performed on colonies of bacteria to determine which antibiotic the bacteria is sensitive to
susceptible host host that is susceptible to invasion & multiplication of microorganisms
"A" disk an antibacterial disk placed on a throat culture plate
sinuses cavities in the bones of the skull that lighten the weight & add tone to the voice
frontal sinus sinus located in the forehead of the skull
ethmoidal sinus sinus located between the nose & eye
sphenoidal sinus sinus located behind & to the side of the ethmoidal sinus
maxillary sinus sinus located in the upper jaw bone of the skull
streptococci round microorganisms in the shape of chains
staphylococci round microorganisms in the shape of clusters
diplococci two round microorganisms
bacilli rod-shaped microorganisms found mainly in the GI tract
fungi tree-shaped microorganisms that live mainly on the skin
spirilla spiral shaped microorganisms
Created by: ginaliane
 

 



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