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7-1 Geography

Oklahoma 7th grade geography

TermDefinition
desertification process by which land becomes more and more dry until it turns into desert. This may be caused by climate change, human activities, or both
dictatorship form of government in which one person or a small group have absolute power.
authoritarian government form of government that demands strict obedience from citizens, and limits individual freedoms. Citizens are not part of the political process.
military coup When the military overthrows the government and takes control of the country
apartheid the former official South African policy of separating people according to race; it gave most of the political and economic power to whites
Nelson Mandela an anti-apartheid leader who became the first black president of South Africa in 1994
Primary sector of economy sector of economy that makes direct use of natural resources such as agriculture, fishing, forestry, and mining
absolute location the precise point where a place is located on Earth
relative location where a place is located in relation to another place
map projection a way of representing the spherical Earth on a flat surface
distortion a change in the shape, size, or position of a place when it is shown on a map
climate the pattern of weather over a long period of time
multinational orgnizations large organizations that have operations in more than one country
genocide the elimination of a group of people based on race, religion, or some other factor
nuclear war is a military conflict in which nuclear weapons are used to inflict massive damage on the enemy
ethnic group a group of people in a country who share a unique culture and identity
cultural region an area that is set apart from other places by the way of life of the people who live there
globalization the development of a global society in which people, money, information, and goods flow fairly freely across national borders
tariff a tax on goods that cross country borders
terraced farming the creation of flat areas on mountain slopes for the purpose of farming
subsistence farming farming carried out mainly to provide food for farm families, with little surplus for sale to others
deforestation removing or clearing away the trees from a forest. Often done to clear land for farming or ranching
developed country a wealthy country with an advanced economy.
developing country a poorer country with a less advanced economy.
monsoon a seasonal wind. Summer monsoon winds in South Asia usually bring rain to that region
typhoon the name for a hurricane that begins in the western Pacific Ocean
tsunami a huge, destructive wave caused by an earthquake or a volcanic erruption
one-child policy a law in China that allows families to only have one child, with certain exceptions. The policy is meant to slow population growth
Created by: trose15
 

 



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