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Chapter Eight

Intro Comm - Chapter 8

TermDefinition
Intimacy Significant emotional closeness experienced in a relationship, whether romantic or not.
Commitment The desire to stay in a relationship no matter what happens.
Interdependence The state in which what happens to one person affects everyone else in the relationship.
Investment The commitment of one's energies and resources to a relationship.
Dialectical Tensions Conflicts between tow important by opposing relational needs or desires.
Autonomy Desire to be your own person.
Connection Desire to be close to others.
Openness The desire for disclosure and honesty.
Closedness The desire to keep certain facts, thoughts or ideas to yourself.
Predictability The desire for consistency and stability.
Novelty The desire for fresh new experiences.
Monogamy The state of being in only one romantic relationship at a time and avoiding romantic or sexual involvement with others outside that relationship.
Infidelity Romantic or sexual interaction with someone outside one's romantic relationship.
Polygamy The state of having two or more spouses at once.
Initiating Stage The stage of relationship development at which people meet and interact for the first time.
Experimenting Stage The Stage of relationship development at which people converse to learn more about each other.
Intensifying Stage The stage of relationship development at which people move from being being acquaintances to being close friends.
Integrating Stage The stage of relationship development at which a deep commitment has formed, and the partners share a strong sense that the relationship has its own identity.
Bonding Stage The stage of relationship development at which partners make a public announcement of their commitment to each other.
Conflict An expressed struggle between at least two interdependent parties who perceive incompatible goals, scarce resources, and interference from the other party in achieving their goals.
Validating Couples Talk about their disagreements openly and cooperatively and communicate respect for each other's opinions even when they disagree with them.
Volatile Couples Talk about their disagreements openly, but in a way that is competitive rather than cooperative.
Conflict-Avoiding Couples Talk about their disagreements covertly rather than openly.
Hostile Couples have frequent and intense conflict.
Communication Privacy Management (CPM) theory A theory explaining how people in relationships negotiate the tension between disclosing information and keeping it private.
Differentiating Stage The stage of relationship dissolution at which partners begin to view their differences as undesirable or annoying.
Circumscribing Stage The stage of relationship dissolution at which partners begin to decrease the quality and quantity of their communication with each other.
Stagnating Stage The stage of relationship dissolution at which the relationship stops growing and the partners feel as if they are just "going through the motions."
Avoiding Stage The stage of relationship dissolution at which partners create physical and emotional distance from each other.
Terminating Stage The stage of relationship dissolution at which the relationship is officially deemed to be over.
Role A pattern of behavior that defines a person's function within a group, such as a family.
Family of Origin The family in which one grows up, usually consisting of parents and siblings.
Family of Procreation The family one starts as an adult, usually consisting of of a spouse or romantic partner, and children.
Family rituals Repetitive activities that have special meaning for a family.
Confirming Messages Behaviors that convey how much another person is valued.
Disconfirming Messages Behaviors that imply a lack of respect or value for others.
Gottman's "Four Horsemen" criticism, contempt, defensiveness, stonewalling
Criticism Complaints about another person or the person's behaviors.
Contempt Hostile behavior in which people insult each other and attack the other's self-worth.
Defensiveness Seeing oneself as a victim and denying responsibility for one's behaviors.
Stonewalling Withdrawing from a conversation.
Created by: moogoogaiboo