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Pharmacology

TermDefinition
Usage application or administration of a medication for a given purpose.
Indication reason to use a particular drug for a particular disorder.
Therapeutic pertaining to beneficial treatment.
Diagnostic medication used to assist in diagnosing diseases.
Destructive substance that destroys cells and tissues, from bactericidals to chemotherapy.
Pharmacodynamics interactions of drugs and living tissues.
Prophylactic drugs used to prevent pregnancy or illness.
Replacement Therapy medication therapy used to replace missing chemicals in the body including hormones, electrolytes and fluids.
Supplemental Medication medication used to avoid deficiencies or achieve levels of existing body chemicals.
Maintenance Medication medication prescribed to maintain a condition of health; usually used with a chronic disease process.
Supportive Medication medication prescribed to assist with maintenance of homeostasis until a disease process can be resolved.
Palliative alleviating a symptom without curing the condition causing the symptom.
Agonists medication that binds to the receptor site and stimulates the function of that site. *mimics the function of the body*
Antagonists medication that binds at receptor sites to prevent other medications from binding to those same sites.
Chelators agent used to treat metal poisonings.
Local Action drug action of a medication at the site of administering or in the surrounding areas.
Systemic Action drug action found at more than the site of administration, usually tissues throughout the body.
Synergism working together of two or more drugs to produce a stronger effect.
Potentiation prolongation of or increased in the effect of a drug by another drug.
Antagonism cancellation or reduction of one's drug's effect by another drug.
Drug Idiosyncrasies unexpected, unusual response to a drug.
Cumulative Effect the state at which repeated administration of a drug may produce effects that are more pronounced than those produced by the first dose.
Ideal Drug drug that is both effective and save, producing no side effects or adverse reactions; only a theoretical construct.
Safe Drug drug that causes no harmful effects when taken in high doses over long period of time.
Recombinant DNA Technology genetic engineering technology used to create new drugs.
Synthetic Drugs drug that has been created chemically in the laboratory without the use of plant or animal products.
Alkaloids organic compound that is alkaline in nature and is combined with acids to make salts.
Pharmacognosy branch of pharmacology dealing with the origins of drugs (natural or manufactured sources).
Pharmacokinetics the processing of drugs by the body.
Pharmacotherapeutics effects of drugs in the treatment of disease.
Toxicology study of poisonous effects of drugs.
Cumulation (accumulation) increasing storage of a medication in the body caused by the body's inability to metabolize or excrete before another dose.
Summation combining of drugs to achieve the expected effect of each drug.
Tolerance decreased response to a medication after prolonged use.
Desired Effect intended response to a medication.
Side Effect a common undesirable response to a medication.
Adverse Reaction unintended, undesirable and unpredictable effect of a medication that can cause pain, discomfort, or unwanted symptoms. *more severe than side effects*
Toxicity the quality of being poisonous or toxic.
Allergic Reaction hypersensitivity to a drug that may occur after only one dose.
Chemical Name the exact designation of the chemical structure of a drug as determined by the rules of accepted systems of chemical nomenclature.
Trade Name the brand name given to a drug by its manufacturer.
Generic Name drug not protected by a trademark but regulated by the FDA.
Official Name the title under which a drug is listed in the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) or the National Formulary (NF).
OTC Drug drug that does not require a prescription; non legend drug.
Tablets dried powder form of medication that has been compressed into a small disk.
Enteric-Coated Tablets tablet coated with a film, formulated to pass through the stomach to intestines for absorption; prevents irritation of gastric mucosa.
Sustained-Release Tablets tablet form of medication in which the medicine is released over a period of time. *AKA "controlled-release tablets*
Troches hard disk of medication designed to dissolve in the mouth for local effect; similar to lozenge.
Buffered Tablets medication combined with an antacid to reduce irritation to the stomach when digested.
Sublingual Tablets tablet designed to dissolve under the tongue.
Chewable Tablets tablet with a sugar or flavored base, designed to be chewed.
Buccal Tablets tablet placed in the mouth between cheek and gum (buccal area) for absorption.
Gelcaps soft gelatin shell filled with liquid medication.
Capsules small gelatin container filled with medication in powder or granule form.
Delayed-Action Capsules capsules prepared to release drug at a particular site or provide a steady release of medicine over a period of time.
Time-Released Capsules dissolves the drug over time in order to be released slower and steadier into the bloodstream.
Elixir clear, sweetened, flavored medication containing alcohol and water.
Tincture alcohol based liquid used as a skin disinfectant.
Suspension medication in the form of undissolved particles dispersed in a liquid vehicle.
Emulsion water and oil mixture containing medication.
Effervescent Powders coarsely ground medicinal agent that has been mixed with an effervescent salt to release carbon dioxide when a liquid is added.
Liniments medication that combines oil, soap, water or alcohol and is placed on the skin to produce heat.
Lotions free-flowing liquid or formulation with ingredients suspended in water for application to the skin.
Creams semi-solid preparation in a base that is absorbed into the tissue for slow, sustained release.
Gels semi-solid in a water base with a thickening agent for absorption through the skin.
Ointments semi-solid in greasy base that is not absorbed into the skin, only the medication is absorbed.
Parenteral Drugs route by which medications are given through the skin by injection, such as intramuscular, intradermal, subcutaneous, and intravenous.
Suppositories medication carried in cocoa butter, vegetable oil, or gelatin and inserted into the vagina, urethra or rectum.
Implants form of medication placed under the skin for long-term, controlled-release; also called a "pellet".
Nasogastric pertaining to the nose and stomach.
Rectal pertaining to the rectum.
Oral pertaining to the mouth; taken through or applied in the mouth.
Transdermal through the skin; medications that are applied to the skin for local or systemic effect.
Topical medications applied to the surface area or locally to the skin or mucous membrane.
Inhalation the drawing of air into the lungs.
Dispense to give medications to a patient to be taken at a later time.
Prescribe to indicate, either in writing or orally, a medication has been given.
Administer to give to or apply medication to a person.
Medication Order written or verbal order for administration of a medication in a health care setting.
Standing Order request for a procedure that is routine for certain medical treatments under certain conditions.
Superscription portion of a prescription designated with the symbol Rx.
Signa (signature) part of prescription that indicates the proper dosage of medication to be taken.
Inscription part of the prescription that indicates the name of a drug and the dosage prescribed.
Subscription part of the prescription containing the directions for the pharmacist with the information for compounding ingredients if necessary.
Schedule I highest potential for abuse, severe physical or psychological dependence. (heroin, meth)
Schedule II high potential for abuse (narcotics= opium, morphine, dilaudid, Demerol)
Schedule III moderate potential for abuse, low physical dependence
Schedule IV lower potential for abuse than Schedule III.
Schedule V lowest potential for abuse.
Created by: jk1183