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Unit 6 Chemistry

TermDefinition
Periods Each row in the periodic table.
Periods All the elements in a period have the same number of atomic orbitals.
Periods At this time there is a maximum of seven electron orbitals
Families/Groups Each vertical column in the periodic table.
Families/Groups The elements in each group have the same number of electrons in the outer orbital.
valence electrons. These outer electrons are called
Alkali metals  are the chemical elements found in Group 1 of the periodic table and have only one electron in their outer shell.
Alkaline Earth metals are metallic elements found in the second group of the periodic table
Transition metals the 38 elements in groups 3 through 12 of the periodic table.
Transition metals They are the metallic elements that serve as a bridge, or transition, between the two sides of the table.
Metalloids are the elements found along the stair-step line that distinguishes metals from non-metals.
Metalloids share some of the properties of metals and some of the properties of nonmetals.
Other metals the 7 elements are located in groups 13, 14, and 15.
Halogens five non-metallic elements found in group 17 of the periodic table.
The term "halogen" means "salt-former" and compounds containing halogens are called "salts"
Noble gases  are the chemical elements in group 18 of the periodic table.
Noble gases They are the most stable due to having the maximum number of valence electrons
Rare earth thirty rare earth elements are composed of the lanthanide and actinide series
Created by: edison.science.7