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RADT 465 imageP

ARRT registary review

What are the 4 major body plans? midsagittal plane, coronal plane, transvers plane, oblique plane pp. 81
Describe the body habitus hypersthenic? large and heavy, chest is short with high diaphragm. the viscera stomach, gallbladder, and colon are usually high and lateral pp81
Describe the body habitus sthenic? describe as average athletic build, characterized by a longer chest and abdomen, with viscera located more medially pp.81
Describe the body habitus hyposthenic? is a slighter version of the sthenic less athletic/strong pp. 81
Describe the body habitus asthenic habitus? is the smallest/slightest of the four types, chest is long and the abdominal viscera are located quite low and medial pp. 81
What is radiographic position? refers to the body's physical position pp.81
What is radiographic projection? describes the path of the CR pp.81
What is radiographic view? describes the body part as seen by the IR pp.81
Define abduction? movement of a part away form the body's MSP pp.84
Define adduction? movement of a part toward the body's MSP pp.84
Define flexion? bending motion of a articulation, decreases the angle between associated bones. pp.84
Define extension? bending motion of a articulation increases the angle between associated bones. pp. 84
Define eversion? a turning outward or lateral motion of an articulation, sometimes with external tension or stress applied. pp.84
Define inversion? a turning inward or medial motion of an articulation, sometimes with external tension or stress applied. pp. 84
Each image must be correctly label with what? patient info such as name or identification number, institution name, date of exam, and side marker. pp86
The most important way to reduce involuntary motion is to __? to use the shortest possible exposure time. pp86
Radiography of most structures usually requires a minimum of ____ which are usually_______ to each other? 1. 2 projection 3. right angles pg86
List the function of the skeleton system? support, reservoir for minerals, muscle attachment/movement protection, hematopoiesis pp.91
T or F the site of close approximation of two or more bones is an articulation? True articulation,or joint pp.91
Describe synarthrotic joints? are immovable; since fibrous tissues tissue connects the bony contiguous surfaces, they are also describe as fibrous articulations pp.91
Describe Amphiarthrotic joints? also describe as cartilaginous, are partially movable. pp,91
Describe diarthrotic joints? also describe as synovial, are freely movable pp.92
What are the two most common SID's used in imaging? 40 and 72 inches
list the three parts of the stomach? fundus, body, pylorus pp.179
list the parts of the small intestine and their approximately length? duodenum 9-12inches, jejunum 9ft, lleum 13ft
List of the disorders that can be detected radiographically on the spine? osteoarthritis, spondylolysis, spondyloisthesis, ankylosinj spondylitis. pp.141
List the then number of ribs and type? 12 pair of ribs, 1-7 are called the vertebrosternal or true ribs, 8-10 are called the vertebrochondral or false ribs. 11-12 are referred to as floating ribs...spaces between are called intercostal spaces ..pp146
list the cranial bones? frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, ethmoid, sphenoid,
list facial bones? nasal-2, lacrimal-2 (smallest), palatine-2, inferior nasal conchae-2, zygomatic-2, mazillae-2, vomer-1, mandible-1 pp.154
List the length and parts of the large intestine? approximately 6ft , cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum. pp.181
Created by: kdfields