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Pharmacology Final

Pharmacology Final Part 3

What are the major side effects of narcotic analgesics? Resp. depression, sedation, hypo-tension, NV
When are narcotic analgesics contraindicated? Head injury
What are the major side effects of aspirin, or drugs containing aspirin? Stomach upset, tinnitus, bruising
When is aspirin contraindicated? Bleeding, allergy Tylenol, or acetaminophen,
What is the difference between a sedative and a hypnotic? Sedative sedates a patient, calms and relaxes. Hypnotic induces sleep.
Can alcohol be taken with sedatives? Hypnotics? Aspirin? Tylenol? NO!
Name a barbiturate used as a sedative/hypnotic Phenobarbital,
Name a nonbarbiturate used as a sedative/hypnotic Restoril
What are minor tranquilizers Benzodiazepines
Name 3 Benzodiazepines Valium, Xanax, Ativan
Major tranquilizers are used for what conditions? Psychosis
What are the major side effects major tranquilizers? Parkinsonian symptoms.
What are Parkinsonian symptoms? Tremors, drooling, dysphagia.
How are Parkinsonian symptoms treated? Anticholinergic agents such as Cogentin
What are the effects of drugs such as Soma and Flexeril? Muscle relaxants
How will the patient feel on Soma and Flexeril? Drowsy
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may have serious interactions with? Alcohol and anticoagulants
tinnitus is a side effect for what drug? NSAIDS
What drug is used to treat osteoporosis and Paget’s disease Fosamax or Actonel
Created by: Ramblelu



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