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Pharmacology

Veterinary Respiratory

QuestionAnswer
dembrexine Sputolysin, Mucolytic/secondary antitussive, no side effects proven, use when a patient has a productive cough
guiafenesin GG (glycerol guaiacolate) Expectorant, muscle relaxant, SE: drowsy, sedation, tissue irritation, IV anesthesia for horses, cough syrup, can give IH, PO, IT, IV, GIT side effects
Acetylcysteine Mucomyst, mucolytic, antidote to Tylenol overdose
Antitussives in general Avoid with productive cough, Opioids block central cough reflex, SE: sedation, excitement (cats, horses), constipation, seizures
Butorphanol Torbugesic, Torbutrol
Hydrocodone Hycodan
Codeine Opioid antitussive
Dextromethorphan Robitussin DM, centrally acting, nonnarcotic antitussive, SE: drowsy, GIT signs, used in cats, seen in human combinations, often over the counter because people will abuse it, safe in cats
Epinephrine bronchodilator, emergency treatment of life threatening bronchoconstriction
Clenbuterol Ventipulmin, B2 agonist, horses with COPD, very expensive, IV, PO syrup, decreases uterine contrations- avoid late pregancy (or useful in dystocia) BUT...banned in food animals b/c it increases carcass weights and feed efficiency
Aminophylline/Theophylline Bronchodilators, SE= GIT upset, CNS stimulation, increased HR, many drug interactions (Always check!!)
Ephedrine Ephedrine, decongestant, reduce congestion by causing vasoconstriction END USE
Pseudoephedrine Sudafed, reduce congestion by vasoconstriction, END USE
Phenylpropanolamine Propalin, decongestant, labelled for urinary incontinence, SE: restlessness, hypertension,
Doxapram Dopram, respiratory stimulant, must be compounded
Created by: jtwilks