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Basic Rudiments

A set of terms for the Royal Conservatory of Music's Basic Rudiments exam.

a tempo return to the original tempo
accent a stressed note
adagio a slow tempo
allegretto a little slower than allegro
allegro fast
andante moderately slow; walking pace
andantino a little faster than andante
cantabile in a singing style
con pedale with pedal
crescendo, cresc. becoming louder
da capo, D.C. from the beginning
dal segno, D.S. from the sign
decrescendo, decresc. becoming softer
diminuendo, dim. becoming softer
dolce sweet, gentle
fermata a pause; hold the note or rest longer than its written value
fine the end
forte loud
fortissimo very loud
grazioso graceful
larghetto not as slow as largo
largo very slow
legato smoothly
lento slow
maestoso majestic
mano destra, M.D. right hand
mano sinistra, M.S. left hand
marcato, marc. marked or stressed
mezzo forte moderately loud
mezzo piano moderately soft
moderato at a moderate tempo
ottava, 8va the interval of an octave; play note(s) one octave above the written pitch
pedale, ped. pedal
piano soft
pianissimo very soft
presto very fast
prestissimo as fast as possible
rallentando, rall. slowing down
repeat sign repeat the music within the double bar lines
ritardando, rit. slowing down gradually
slur connects several notes; play the notes legato
staccato sharply detached
tempo speed at which music is performed
tempo primo (tempo I) return to the original tempo
tie connects two notes; hold for the combined value of the tied notes
triad a chord consisting of a root, a 3rd, and a 5th
vite fast
Created by: sashby