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Intermed. Rudiments

A set of terms for the Royal Conservatory of Music's Intermediate Rudiments exam

a tempo return to the original tempo
accelerando becoming quicker
accent a stressed note
adagio a slow tempo
alla, all' in the manner of
allegretto a little slower than allegro
allegro fast
andante moderately slow; walking pace
andantino a little faster than andante
animato lively, animated
assai much, very
ben, bene well
brillante brilliant
cantabile in a singing style
col, coll', colla, colle with
con with
con brio with vigour, spirit
con espressione with expression
con moto with movement
con pedale with pedal
crescendo, cresc. becoming louder
da capo, D.C. from the beginning
dal segno, D.S. from the sign
decrescendo, decresc. becoming softer
diminuendo, dim. becoming softer
dolce sweet, gentle
e, ed and
espressivo, espress. expressive, with expression
fermata a pause; hold the note or rest longer than its written value
fine the end
forte loud
fortepiano loud then suddenly soft
fortissimo very loud
grave slow and solemn
grazioso graceful
larghetto not as slow as largo
largo very slow
legato smoothly
leggiero light
lento slow
loco return to normal register
ma but
maestoso majestic
mano destra, M.D. right hand
mano sinistra, M.S. left hand
marcato, marc. marked or stressed
meno less
meno mosso less movement, slower
mezzo forte moderately loud
mezzo piano moderately soft
M.M. Maelzel's metronome
moderato at a moderate tempo
molto much, very
non not
non troppo not too much
ottava, 8va the interval of an octave; play note(s) one octave above the written pitch
pedale, ped. pedal
piano soft
pianissimo very soft
piᅢᄍ more
piᅢᄍ mosso more movement (quicker)
poco little
poco a poco little by little
presto very fast
prestissimo as fast as possible
quasi almost, as if
rallentando, rall. slowing down
repeat sign repeat the music within the double bar lines
ritardando, rit. slowing down gradually
rubato a flexible tempo using slight variations of speed to enhance musical expression
sempre always, continuously
senza without
slur connects several notes; play the notes legato
staccato sharply detached
tempo speed at which music is performed
tempo primo (tempo I) return to the original tempo
tenuto held, sustained
tie connects two notes; hold for the combined value of the tied notes
tranquillo quiet, tranquil
tre corde three strings; release the left pedal
triad a chord consisting of a root, a 3rd, and a 5th
troppo too much
una corda one string; depress the left pedal
vite fast
vivace lively, brisk
Created by: sashby