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MMT

Manual Muscle Testing

TermDefinition
anterolateral neck flexors (SCM & ant scalenes) head rotated away; SCM being tested on top; cervical flexion
posterolateral neck extensors (semispinalis & splenius) head rotated towards side being tested;
upper trapezius ear to opposite hip
pec major (clavicular fibers) horizontal adduction (90 degrees)
pectoralis minor shoulder towards ceiling & off table; push shoulder down to table
coracobrachialis supination; full elbow flexion; shoulder flexion & ER
rhomboids & levator scapula "chicken wing;"
teres major/subscapularis "hand in pocket;" pressure distal to elbow & straight down
latissimus dorsi shoulder extension, IR, & adduction; pressure down & out
supinator (alone) supine (full shoulder & elbow flexion w/ pressure into pronation) or sitting (same pressure)
brachialis full pronation
supinator & biceps (together) supine; 90 degrees of elbow flexion & full supination; pressure into pronation
pronator teres & quadratus supine; 45 degrees of elbow flexion & full pronation
pronator quadratus supine; maximum elbow flexion & full pronation
ulnaris full pronation or supination
radialis slightly less than full supination or pronation; deviation before flexion or extension
trunk ext'n in prone; rate as strong or weak
upper abs supine; hands behind head (5)==> hug self (4)==> arms straight out (3+)==> bring scapula off the table (3)
lower abdominals supine; raise legs to 90 degrees, then gradually lower legs until back extends; 5= 0 degrees (legs flat on table)
internal obliques flex & rotate to the same side
external obliques flex & rotate to the opposite side
psoas major supine; hip flexion, abduction, & ER; push into hip extension & more abduction
gastrocnemius single-limb stance; heel raise; 20 heel raises (HR)==> 5...0 HR==>2+ (reduced gravity position)- strong resistance in grav reduced position= 2+; 2- full ROM; 2-= partial contraction
soleus prone; PF & knee flexion to 90 degrees
peroneus/fibularis longus & brevis PF & eversion
fibularis tertius DF & eversion
anterior tib DF & inversion
posterior tib PD & Inversion
Created by: MeganFultz2