Busy. Please wait.
Log in using Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Spinal Stabilization

Clin Skills II

coxa vara smaller angle; angle <120 degrees; genu valgum; increased stress on femoral neck; decreased stress on femoral head
coxa valga larger angle; angle >135 degrees; genu varum; increased stress on femoral head; decreased stress on femoral neck
genu valgum longer, weaker hip abductors; pes planus- flat foot; increased stress on medial knee soft tissue; increased stress on lateral bony structures
genu varum shorter, tighter hip abductors; pes cavus- pronated foot; increased stress on lateral knee soft tissue; increased stress on medial bony structures
pes planus flat foot
pes cavus pronated foot
genu recurvatum knee hyperextension; increases anterior pelvic tilt; compensatory posture: PPT w/ swayback; increased stress on post knee soft tissue; increased stress on ant knee bony structures
lower quarter tight postural muscles tonic muscles; erector spinae; QL; iliopsoas; TFL; piriformis; rectus femoris; hamstrings; gastroc-soleus
lower quarter weak postural muscles phasic muscles; rectus abdominus; gluteal muscles; vastus medialis & lateralis; tibialis anterior
upper quarter tight postural muscles pec minor; upper trap; levator; SCM; scalenes; sub-occipitals
upper quarter weak postural muscles serratus anterior; middle trap; rhomboids; lower trap; upper limb extensors; short cervical flexors
core stabilizers inner, deeper muscles; lumbar multifidi; transversus abdominus; internal obliques
stasis sensitivity hard time sitting still in a stable, static posture; usually hypermobile or unstable; sleep difficult; stabilization & aerobic exercises reduce symptoms
weight-bearing sensitivity tend to use load-reducing maneuvers; exercises that unload or distract spine
rectus abdominis provides stability w/ extension of spine
internal & external obliques controls against external loads that would cause extension or lateral flexion of the spine
transversus abdominis creates tension via thoracolumbar fascia & increases intra-abdominal pressure to provide segmental stability to spine
quadratus lumborum frontal & saggital plane stability; deep fibers provide segmental stability to lumbar vertebrae
multifidus stabilizes spine against flexion, rotation, & contralateral side flexion; segmental stability to lumbar vertebrae
superficial erector spinae muscles antagonist to gravity; controls forward bending movements; global stability to trunk by preventing trunk from falling over
iliopsoas iliacus- stabilizes pelvis & hip joints psoas major- assists in stabilizing lumbar spine in frontal plane
SCM & scalenes balance head on thorax against grav when center of body mass is post
upper trap & cervical erector spinae same as above except when center of body mass is ant
longus colli & rectus capitis ant & lateralis segmental stability to cervical spine
Created by: MeganFultz2



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards