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MOTWP final

kamancheh spiked fiddle, with 3 or 4 strings, bowed with horsehair bow, used throughout middle east
sehtar small, long-necked, fretted lute with 4 strings, plucked with the nail of the right index finger, used in Persian classical music
tar Lute with long neck, frets, six strings, and heavy, waisted body, plucked a pick, used in various parts of the Middle East but principally in Iran, in classical but also in popular and folk music
santour trapezoid-shaped hammered dulcimer, played with two balsa wood mallets, used throughout the middle east but particularly in iran and turkey
dombak (zarb) term used for various single-skin drums in the middle east, but principally for the goblet-shaped drum used in Persian classical music
ney (nai) end-blown flute (5 finger holes) used through the middle east
zorna double-reed instrument, trumpet shaped
khandan religous music such as the chanting of the Koran with no rhythm, only vocal
musiqui opposite fo khandan, has instruments, rhythm, meter and can be soemthing that can be danced to
radif in persian classical music, the body of the music, consisting of 250-300 short pieces, memorized by students and then used as the basis or point of departure for improvised performance. contains 12 different dastgahs
dastgah (mid east) generic name of the 12 modes of persian classical music
daramad the first scale in each dastgah which is a melody fo a radiff
gusheh subdivision of a dastgah, and smallest constituent part of the radif, in persian classical music
maqam generic term for mode, or system of composing melody, in arabic classical music. the term is used throughout the middle east and the concept appears with different names such as dastgah and gusheh in persian or mugam in azerbijan
umm kulthum a young egyptian singer who sang egyptian pop music, and was a part of the revolution of egypt from england
pishdaramad literally "beofre the introduction." Introductory piece, composed, metric, and usually played by an ensemble, in performace of persian classical music
chahar mezrab virtuosic composed metric solo piece in persian classical music
avaz in persian classical music, the improvised, nonmetric section, rendered vocally or instrumentally, that is central in the performance
tasnif type of composed, metric song in persian music, with words (though sometimes performed instrumentally) and a part of a full classical performance though also found in popular music
reng in persian classical music, the final piece of a performance, based on the musical traditions of folk dance
sitar primary plucked string instrument of hindustani music
tabla a pair of drums used in hindustani music
tambura a stringed drone instrument
vina primary plucked instrument fo karnatak music
sarod a fretless, plucked string instrument of hindustani music originally coming from afghanistan
mridangam double-headed, barrel-shaped drum of karnatak music
tala meter (india)
raga a scale and its associated musical characteristics such as the number of pitches it contains, its manner of ascending and descending, its predominant pitch, and so forth
hindustani tradition in music, referring to north indian musical style
karnatak tradition in music, referring to south indian musical style
vedic chants intoned verses for ancient religious ceremonies performed by brahman priests
drone a note in the background this is continuous throughout the whole song
alap raga improvisation in free rhythm
jor the section of hindustani instrumental performance which follows alap and introduces a pulse
jhala the concluding section of instrumental improvisation following jor in hindustani music during which the performer makes lively and fast rhythmic patterns on the dron strings of an instrument
gat the section of hindustani instrumental performance accompanied by tabla, in which a tune, the gat, is alternated with improvisational passages, tora
kriti the major song type of karnatak music
ravi shankar world's most famous sitar player
ali akbar khan world famous sarod player
gamelan generic name for indonesian orchestras; percussions, little bronze bowls, xylophones, flute, stringed instruments, mostely metallic percussion music
gender an instrument having thin bronze slab keys individually suspended over tube resonators
bonang multioctave bronze instrument responsible for elaborations in javanese gamelan
suling indonesian vertical flute
rebab a type of javanese bowed flute
gong ageng the main gong of the gamelan
pelog the heptatonic tuning system of javanese music
slendro the pentatonic tuning system of javanese music
kecak a type of dance drama acompanied by a large male chorus that chants rhythmically
colotomic structure where instruments will play on a certain number of beats and there are a certain number of beats in a song or phrase
gamelan gong kebyar fast style of playing with many changes
wayang kulit indonesian shadow play accompanied with gamelan music
chieftains group from england that does traditional celtic music and records with popular artists
bela bartok famous composer who was one of the first ethnomusicologist, and wrote alot of classical music with hungarian influence
klezmer jewish instrumental ensembles that performed, often professionally, for both jewish and non-jewish social functions
flamenco a spanish dance, with guitars and violin and there is alot of stomping and muslim influence
fado blues songs, come from portugal
toru takemitsu japanese composer, incorporated japanese instruments into classical music, "november steps" his big piece featuring biwa and sakahachi
lou harrison composer who is very interested in gamelans, wrote regular with western instruments and gamelans
steve reich composer who writes alot of music and uses minimalism also influenced by african drumming
minimalism type of music where some sort of pattern is repeated over and over
muddy waters blues musician that was famous around the 40s and 50s and had a major influence on rock and roll
robert johnson blues musician from the 30s tht lived the "blues life"-drinking, womanizing, traveling, and dying young
leadbelly (hubert ledbeller) combined blues music and folk music, and did some jail time for murder at a young age
bluegrass music that will become country music
bill monroe the "father of bluegrass"
carter family a family group a husband, wife and her cousin who sang a wide variety of folk music, first to be recorded and sold in the 30s and 40s.
les paul invented the electric guitar and performed with his wife mary ford
woody guthrie the voice of protest back in the 30s and 40s and is associated with labor unions. sang "this land is your land"
Bollywood Indian Hollywood
John Cage 1930-1940s interested in Eastern Philiosophy, Zen Buddhism part of music, developed prepared piano
Prepared Piano adjust strings by putting wooden blocks, paperclips etc to make different sounds, sounds like gamelan
John McLaughlin guitarist, played with Indian musicians, formed groups combining Indian and Western Music
Shakti Formed in 1975, pioneered a groundbreaking and highly influential east-meets-west collaborative approach. The group, whose name means creative intelligence, beauty and power, consisted of legendary British jazz guitarist John McLaughlin etc...
12 bar blues pattern of 12 bar progression in standatd blues. gained popularity on black stations in the 30-40s
blues a vocal and instrumental musical form which evolved from African American spirituals, shouts, work songs and chants and has its earliest stylistic roots in West Africa.
Created by: moosick