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chapter 7

TermDefinition
Cancer A group of more than 100 diseases characterized by damage to DNA, which causes abnormal cell growth and development.
infection The process of infecting or the state of being infected.
Atherosclerosis Differentiated by the presence of Atherosmas (plaques consisting of lipids, cells and cell debris, often with attached thrombi, which form inside the walls of large arteries.
Angina Pectoris An episodic, reversible oxygen insufficiently.
Myocardial Infarction A heart attack; it results in reduction of blood flow through one of the coronary arteries, causing ischemia and necrosis.
Hypertension An abnormal increase in arterial blood pressure.
Cardiac Arrhythmias Deviations from the normal cardiac rate or rhythm.
Congestive Heart Failure Is one of the most common cardiovascular disorders.
Hyperlipidemia lipids or fats, which are usually transported in various combinations with proteins (lipoproteins), play a key role in cardiovascular disorders.
 Aplastic Anemia Results from injury to, or destruction of, stem cells in bone marrow, which causes Pancytopenia (anemia,luekopenia, and thrombocytopenia).
Folic Acid Deficiency folic acid deficiency anemia is a common, slowly progressive condition.
Iron Deficiency Anemia iron deficiency anemia is a disorder of oxygen transport in which hemoglobin synthesis is deficient.
 Pernicious Anemia A disorder of red blood cells that causes them to develop into an enlarged, misshapen form.
Polycythemia Vera Is a chronic disorder characterized by increased red blood cell mass increase hemoglobin level.
Thrombocytopenic Purpura I a deficiency of platelets that occurs when the immune system attacks and destroys them.
Thrombocytopenia Is a deficiency of platelets and circulating blood.
Asthma Is a respiratory condition characterized by difficulty exhaling and by wheezing.
Chronic Bronchitis Is inflammation of the bronchi caused by irritants or infeinfection.
 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Results from emphysema chronic bronchitis, asthma, or a combination of these disorder.
Pulmonary Embolism Is caused by a blood clot or flat deposit formed in a peripheral blood vessel that breaks free from this side of formation and lodges in a blood vessel in the lung.
 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Infection may cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (Aids).
Allergic Rhinitis Is a reaction to airborne (inhaled) allergens.
Anaphylaxis Is an acute, potentially life-threatening type 1 (immediate) hypersensitivity reaction.
 Latex Allergy Is a hypersensitivity reaction to products that contain natural latex, which is derived from the sap of the rubber tree.
Schizophrenia Is a mental illness characterized by distortion of reality, disorganized thought patterns, social withdrawal, hallucination, and poor judgment.
Bipolar Disorder Is a mental illness characterized by by periods of extreme excitation or mania, and deep depression.
Depression Is classified as a mood disorder, or which there are several subgroups.
Eating Disorder Is a complex psychological state characterized by the fear of being overweight.
Dementia Is a chronic deterioration of intellectual function and other cognitive skills severe enough to interfere with the ability to perform activities of daily living.
Anxiety Are the most common psychiatric illness in the United States affecting 40 million people with a higher incidence of anxiety seen in women than in men.
Sleep Disorders insomnia is the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep.
Parkinson's Disease Is a progressive Degenerative disorder affecting motor function through the loss of eextrapyramidaI activity.
Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease has been demonstrated to be one of the most common causes of severe cognitive dysfunction in older persons.
Seizures seizures are a group of disorders that are characterized by hyper excitability of neurons in the brain.
Gastroesophogeal Reflux Disease refers to backflow of stomach content into thesophagus and past a lower esophageal sphincter, without associated vomiting.
Peptic Ulcer Disease are lesions in the mucosal membrane which can develop in the lower esophagus, stomach, or duodenum.
 Crohn's Disease Chrohns disease is a condition of the intestinal tract characterized by patches of inflammation of even ulcers.
Ulcerative Colitis is an inflammatory disease that affects the mucosa of the colon.
Diverticulitis is an inflammation of a diverticulum, usually caused by entrapment of feces within the diverticulum.
Nonviral Hepatitis nonviral hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that usually results from exposure to certain chemicals or drugs.
 Viral Hepatitis viral hepatitis is a common infection of the liver, resulting in hepatic cell destruction in necrosis.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a systemic inflammatory disease that attacks the joints by producing inflammation of the sea y no VI al membranes that leads to the destruction of the articular cartilage and underlying bone.
Gout gout is actually a group of diseases known as the gout syndrome.
Osteoarthritis is by far the most common form of arthritis among the elderly.
Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disorder in which the rate of bone resorption accelerates while the rate of bone formation slows causing a loss of bone mass.
Osteomalacia in vitamin D deficiency, bone cannot calcify normally.
Hypopituitarism is a condition caused by deficiency or absence of any of the pituitary hormones, especially those produced by the anterior pituitary lobe.
Hyperpituitarism is a chronic or progressive disease that is caused by excessive production and secretion of pituitary hormone.
Diabetes Insipidus is a disturbance of water metabolism that results in extreme thirst and excessive secretion of dilute urine.
Simple Goiter refers to any enlargements of the thyroid gland.
Hashimoto Disease is a chronic disease of the immune system that attacks the thyroid gland.
Hyperthyroidism is the overproduction of thyroid hormone causing increased metabolism in changes of multiple body systems.
Hypothyroidism hypothyroidism can strike either sex at any age.
Myxedema is caused by severe prolonged hypothyroidism.
 Cushing's Syndrome is a condition of chronic hypersecretion of cortisol from the adrenal cortex, which results in excessive circulating cortisol levels.
Addison's Disease is caused by partial or complete failure of adrenalcortical function.
Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disorder of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism caused by inadequate production of insulin by the pancreas or faulty utilization of insulin by the cells.
Gestational Diabetes gestational diabetes mellitus or type 3 diabetes, is a condition of damaged ability to process carbohydrate that has is on Sat during pregnancy.
Chlamydia chlamydia one of the most commonly reported infectious disease in the United States causes urethritis in men and uretritis and cervicitis (a common infection of the lower genital tract) in women.
Gonorrhea gonorrhea a common STD is an infection of the genitourinary tract.
Trichomoniasis trichomoniasis is a protozoal infection of the lower genitourinary tract.
Genital Herpes genital herpes is an infection of the skin of the genital area, with ulcerations spread by direct skin to skin contact causing painful genital sores that are similar to cold sores.
Syphilis syphilis is a chronic systemic sexually transmitted infection that develops in four stages.
Ovarian Cysts ovarian cysts are fluid-filled or semi fluid filled sac that forms on or near the ovaries.
Endrometriosis endometriosis is a condition wherein tissue that is similar to the tissue lining of the uterus forms in other parts of the body.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease PID is an infection of the uterine lining that may spread into the fallopian tubes.
Toxic Shock Syndrome toxic shock syndrome is a rare but potentially fatal illness caused by certain strains of Staphylococcus aureus that secrete a unique toxins.
Orchitis orchitis is infection of the testis.
Prostatitis prostatitis is acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland.
Hydronephrosis Is a distention of the pelvis and calyces (tubes) of the kidney by urine that cannot flow past an obstruction.
Pyelonephritis Is an inflammation usually due to bacterial infection of the kidney.
Renal Failure Acute renal failure is a sudden interruption of renal function.
Glomerulonephritis Is a bilateral inflammation of the glomeruli (capillary tufts in the kidney nephrons), typically after a streptococcal infection.
Polycystic Kidney Is an inherited disorder characterized by multiple bilateral grape like clusters of fluid filled cysts.
Neurogenic Bladder Is a dysfunction of urinary bladder control that consists of difficulty in emptying the bladder or urinary incontinence.
Atopic Dermatitis Is a chronic or recurring skin lesion characteristic of an allergic reaction.
Seborrheic Dermatitis Is a common skin condition characterized by itchy reddened and oily patches of skin.
Contact Dermatitis Contact dermatitis is an acute inflammation of the skin.
Psoriasis Psoriasis is a chronic condition characterized by raised red patches covered with white scale .
Acne Vulgaris Acne is a skin condition characterized by inflammation of the oil producing glands and ducts.
Herpes Zoster Herpes zoster is an infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus which is the same virus that causes.
Cellulitis Cellulitis is an infection of the subcutaneous tissue.
Impetigo Impetigo is a bacterial skin infection most commonly seen in children though it is not limited only to their age group.
Created by: jazmine18