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Stack #184817

genotype genetic makeup
phenotype expressed in outward body
autosomes chromosoe that dictate body charcteristics
homozygote some for a particular trait
dominant allile expressed in single or doubl dosage
recessive trait must beexpressed in double dose to be present
fertilized egg zygot
external genitalia Gonads
sperm path eppididymis;ductus deferens;ejaculatory duct
accessory gland male reproductive seminal vesicle; prostate;bulbourethral gland
darthos muscle found in dermis of scrotum
cremaster liese outside of dermis of scrotumm pulls testes closer to body
cells that form testosterone interstitial cells
where spermatogenesis occurs seminiferous tubules
maze of interconnections of straight tubules rete teste
connection between rete teste and epididymis efferent ducts
partitions formed by sepis, where semineferous bubules are located tunica albuginea
connective tissue capsule around each teste septa
controls what goes to seminiferous tubules and secretes inhibin sustentacular cells
acrosomal cap the sperm portion that contains enzymes necessary for fertilization
mitochondria of sperm is located midpiece
lenght of epididymis 6 meters
epididymis connects to ductus deferens (connection)
confluence of ampulla and seminal vesicle ejaculatory duct
seminal vesicles produce fluids rich in fructose
gland situated at base of penis bulbourethral glands
60% of percent of semen seminal vesicles
produce very alkaline and neutralizes acidity both in the urethra and femal tract prostate gland
produce a thick alkaline fluid that neutralizes and lubricates the urethra bulbourethral gland
normal sperm count 20 and 50 milion per ml of semen
normal ejaculate of semen s - 5 ml of semen
Seminal plasmin enzyme with antibacterial properties
erection is brought about by parasympathetic nervous system
corpus spongosum and corpus cavernosa muscles that cause ejaculation
LH causes secretion of testerone by the interstitial cells
Spermatogenesis is stimulated by GnRH
broad ligameent supports ovaries
besides broad ligament supprts ovaries lateral ligment;cervical ligament and uterosacral ligament and round ligaments
Three regions of uterus body;fundus;cervix
three layers of uterus endometium;myometrium;permetrium
collective name for the femal external genitalia vulva
extntio of labia minora encircles clitoris prepuce
folds that bound the vestibule libia minora
reddis brown region surrounds each nipple areola
autonomic activation leads to hardened erectile tissues in the clitoris
space taht form betwen oocyte and follicle zona pellucidia
in the part of a follicle a fluid chamber exists antrum
layer of follicle cells surrounding the ovum (fertilized egg) dominant folicles
ruptured follicle proliferate and form corpus luteum
copus lutume degenerates and form a scar tissue corpus albicans
from primoridal follicle to corpus albicans ovarian cycle
stimulus for follicle maturation GnRH
Follicular cells produce FSH
Endometrium secrets FSH and LSH
corpus luteum surpresses endometrium secretions are surpressed by
corpus lutem degenerates FSH and LSH rise
period when endometrium sloghs off and bleeding occurs menses
represents the begining of a new menstrual sycle menarche
placental hormone for milk hpl hormone placental lactate
hollow ball of cells that constitute the embryo blastyocyte
mechanism by which the embryo embeds intsle in the endometrium implantation
menopause occurs age 46-54
cause of menopause inactive follicles
menopause hormones increas Gnrf,FSH,LH and decline in estrogen and fertility
bacteral disease that is major cause of sterility ghonorrhea
person whose anatomical sex and genetic sex are different pseudohermaphrodite
80% of women show no signs or symptoms syphillis
viral disease painful ulcerations of external genitalia henital herpes
ovulation is triggered by a large surge of estrogen
mensutural phase endometrial mass mass doubles under the influence of FSH
decrease in progesterone stimulates constriction of spiral arterioles by stimulating the release of prostaglandins
three main estrogens estradiol,estrone,estriol
milk production is stimulated byand ejection by prolactin/oxytocin
Fructose in seminal and citrate in prostate fluids for atp production
60% of volume of semen comes from prostate
Seminal vesicles converts testosterone to a more potent androgen calde dihydrotestoterone
hyaluronidase vesicle of sperm acrusome
blod tetis barrier is formed by sustentacular cells
degeneration of primary germ cells during femal fetal development is called mesenchyme
Created by: donald_dino