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NSU psych 101

NSU Chapter 14

QuestionAnswer
abnormal behavior behavior that is deviant, maladaptive or personally distressful over a long period of time
medical model a biological approach that describes psychological disorders as medical diseases with a biological origin
DSM-IV-TR abbreviation for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition; the current version of the APA's major classification of psychological disorders
anxiety disorders psychological disorders that feature motor tension, hyperactivity and apprehensive expectations and thoughts.
panic disorder an anxiety disorder marked by recurrent sudden onsets of intense apprehension or terror
Obsessive-compulsive disorder an anxiety disorder in which the individual has anxiety-provoking thoughts that will not go away (obsession) and/or urges to perform repetitive, ritualistic behaviors to present or produce some future situation (compulsion)
post-traumatic stress disorder an anxiety disorder that develops through exposure to a traumatic event, severly oppressive situations, severe abuse, and natural and unnatural disasters
mood disorders psychological disorders in which there is a primary disturbance in mood. Prolonged emotion that colors the individual's entire emotional state
depressive disorders mood disorders in which the individual suffers from depression. An unrelenting lack of pleasure in life.
major depressive disorder a mood disorder indicated by a major depressive episode and depressed characteristics, such as lethargy and hopelessness, lasting at least two weeks
dysthymic disorder a depressive disorder that is generally more chronic and has fewer symptoms than major depressive disorder
bipolar disorder a mood disorder characterized by extreme mood swings that include one or more episodes of mania (an overexcited, unrealistically optimistic state)
schizophrenia a severe psychological disorder that is characterized by highly disordered thought processes
hallucinations sensory experiences in the absence of real stimuli
catatonia a state of immobility and unresponsiveness
flat affect a negative symptom in which the person shows little or no emotion speaks without emotional inflection, and maintains an immobile facial expression.
Created by: Sadiqah