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chapter 5

medication errors

Tablet A solid dosage form containing Medicinal substances with or without suitable diluents.
 Enteric-Coated Tablet A tablet covered in a special coating to protect it from stomach acid allowing the drug to dissolve in the intestines.
Pill A small Globular mass of soluble material containing A medicine substance to be swallowed.
Plaster A solid preparation that can be spread when heated and that becomes adhesive at the temperature of the body.
Capsule A solid dosage form in which the drug is enclosed in either a hard or soft shell of soluble material.
Caplet A tablet shaped like a capsule.
Gelcap An oil-based medication that is enclosed in a soft gelatin capsule.
Powder A dry mass of minute separate particles of any substance
Granule A very small pill usually gelatin or sugar coated containing a drug to be given in a small dose.
 Troche or Lozenge A small, disk shaped tablet composed of solidifying paste containing an astringent antiseptic or oil based drug used for local treatment of the mouth or throat. It is held in the mouth until dissolved. Also known as a lozenge.
Suppository A small, solid body shaped for ready introduction into one of the orifices of the body other than the oral cavity, made of a substance, usually medicated, that is solid at ordinary temperature but melts at body temperature.
Ointment A semisolid preparation that usually contains medicinal substances and is intended for external application.
Cream A semisolid emulsion of either the oil in water or the water in oil type ordinarily intended for topical use.
Gel A jelly or the solid or semisolid phase of a colloidal solution.
Lotion A semisolid preparation applied externally to protect the skin or to treat a dermatologic disorder.
Paste A topical semisolid formulation containing a pharmacologically active ingredient in a fatty base.
Patches Medicated adhesive patches placed on the skin that deliver the medication into the bloodstream directly through the skin.
Syrup A liquid preparation in a concentrated aqueous solution of a sugar used for medicinal purposes or to add flavor to a substances.
Solution A liquid dosage form in which active ingredients are dissolved in a liquid vehicle.
Spirit An alcohol or hydro alcoholic solution of volatile substances.
Elixir A clear sweetened hydro alcoholic liquid intended for oral use.
Tincture An alcoholic solution prepared from vegetable materials or from chemical substances.
Fluidextract A pharmacopeial liquid preparation of vegetables drugs made by filtration containing alcohol as a solvent or as a preservative or both.
Liniment A liquid preparation for external use usually applied by friction to the skin.
Emulsion A system containing two liquids that cannot be mixed together in which one is dispersed in the form of very small globules throughout the other.
Mixture & Suspension In a mixture or a suspension an agent is mixed with a liquid but not dissolved. These preparations must be shaken before being taken by the patient.
Aromatic Water A mixture of distilled water with an aromatic volatile water.
Spray & Aerosol A liquid or fine powder that is sprayed In a fine mist is called aerosol.
Sublingual Pertaining to the area under the tongue.
Buccal Pertaining to the inside of the cheek.
Parenteral Administration by some means other than through the gastrointestinal tract; referring particularly to introduction of substances into an organism by intravenous subcutaneous intramuscular or intramedullary injection.
Ampule A sealed glass container that usually contains a single dose of medicine. The top of the ampule must be broken off to open the container.
Intradermal Injection Between the layers of the skin. A dose of an agent administered between the layers of the skin.
Subcutaneous Injection The administration of medication by means of a needle and syringe into the layer of fat and blood vessels beneath the skin.
Intramuscular Injection Inside a muscle. Normally used in the context of an injection given into a muscle.
Topical Pertaining to a drug that is applied to the surface of the body.
Ophthalmic Administration Drops and ointments instilled into the eye are generally absorbed slowly and affect only the area in contact.
Otic Route Is the safest and most convenient route chosen for most medications.
Nasal Route Nasal solutions act locally to treat minor congestion or infection.
Vaginal Route
Rectal Route
Created by: jazmine18