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RAD 300

Intro to Rad Science: Terminology Ch. 1

Word Roots The subject or foundation of healthcare term. Typically paired with suffix or prefix. Combining vowel is used to link to suffix.
Combining Vowels Appears between word roots and suffix to help with pronunciation. Usually 'O'.
Combining Forms The word roots and the combining vowel together.
Suffixes Comes after the word and describes it as a condition, procedure, or symptom.
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
cardi/o heart
col/o, colon/o colon (large intestine)
dent/i, odont/o teeth
derm/o, dermat/o skin
electr/o electrical activity
enter/o small intestine
fet/o fetus
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
lith/o stone
log/o study, knowledge
nat/o birth
opthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
path/o disease
therm/o heat, temperature
troph/o nourishment, development
tympan/o eardrum
-al pertailning to
-algia pain
-dynia pain
-ectomy exision, removal
-gram a record
-ia condition
-ic pertaining to
-ist one who specializes
-itis inflammation
-logy the study of
-megaly an elargement
-opsy a viewing
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease process
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhage bursting forth
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhexis rupture
-scopy visual examination
-stomy new opening
-tomy an incision
-um noun ending usually meaning structure
-y noun ending usually meaning the process of
prefixes Comes before a word root and provides extra description.
a- not, without
an- no, not, without
ante- before, in front of
anti- against
dys- painful, abnormal, difficult
endo- within
epi- above, on top of
ex- outside, out
hemi- half, partial
hyper- excessive, above
hypo- deficient, below
in- not, in
infra- below
inter- between
intra- within
neo- new
per- through
peri- surrounding
pre- before
sub- under, below
spelling: eu pronunciation: you
spelling: gn pronunciation: n (no)
spelling: ph pronunciation: f(fill)
spelling: pn pronunciation: n(no)
spelling: ps pronunciation: s (sort)
spelling: pt pronunciation: t (top)
spelling x pronunciation: z (zoo)
Spelling Rules 1.Suffix starts with a vowel: no combining vowel 2. Suffix starts with a consonant: use combining vowel 3. Two or more word roots: use combining vowel between the word roots. 4. Word roots should be written in order from superior to inferior.
Singular/ Plural Ending Rules 1. -a: use -ae (long a, e, or i) 2. -is: use -es (eez) 3. -nx: use -nges (ingjeez) 4. -um: use -a (oh) 5. -us: use -i (eye) 6. -y: use -ies (eez)
Signs Physical objective signs that are evaluated by the healthcare professional. Can be seen or measured.
Symptoms Subjective description provided by the patient.
diagnoses Disease or condition named after evaluating the patient's signs, symptoms, and history. Including lab results and imaging procedures.
Prognosis Prediction of probable outcome of the disease. Based on person's cx, course of disease.
-ectomy excision
-graphy process of recording
-metry process of measurement
0scopy a visual examination
-stomy a new opening
-therapy treatment
-tomy incision
-tripsy process of crushing
-graph an instrument/ machine to record
-meter an intstrument to measure
-scope an instrument to visually or aurally examine
-tome an instrument to cut
-tripter an instrument to crush
acuo- sharp
esthesi/o feeling
chiro/o hehand
pract/o manipulation
dermat/o skin
ger/o aging
iatr/o treatment
gynec/o female
home/o same
immun/o safety, protection
newo- new
nat/o birth
neuro/o nerves
obstetr/o midwife
onc/o tumor
orth/o straight
ped/o children
ot/o ear
rhin/o nose
laryng/o voice box
path/o disease
phsch/o mind
rheumat/o watery flow
ur/o urinary system
rheumatology Disorders characterized by inflammation, degeneration, or metabolic derangement of connective tissue and related structures of the body.
Urology Deals with anatomy, physiology disorders and urinary tract.
Pathology characteristics, causes and effects of disease as observed in the structure and fx of body.
Created by: sukysuky