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Stack #183770

QuestionAnswer
Avogadro’s Law Equal volumes of ideal or perfect gases, at the same temperature and pressure, contain the same number of particles, or molecules
Dalton’s law the total pressure exerted by a gaseous mixture is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of each individual component in a gas mixture
Boyle’s Law For a fixed amount of an ideal gas kept at a fixed temperature, P and V are inversely proportional (while one increases, the other decreases)
Charles Law At constant pressure, the volume of a given mass of an ideal gas increases or decreases by the same factor as its temperature (in Kelvin) increases or decreases
Gay-Lussac’s Law The pressure of a fixed mass and fixed volume of a gas is directly proportional to the gas's temperature
Fick’s Law molecules go from regions of high concentration to regions of low concentration, with a magnitude that is proportional to the concentration gradient
Graham’s Law the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of the mass of its particles
Henry’s laws At a constant temperature, the amount of a given gas dissolved in a given type and volume of liquid is directly proportional to the partial pressure of that gas in equilibrium with that liquid
Laplace’s law The larger the vessel radius, the larger the wall tension required to withstand a given internal fluid pressure.
Pascal's Principle Pressure is transmitted undiminished in an enclosed static fluid
Stokes’ law shows the force needed to move a small sphere through a continuous, quiescent fluid at a certain velocity
Poiseuille’s law Laminar flow is influenced by viscosity, lenght of tube, flow rate and more importantly Radius.
Bernoulli's for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy
Venturi The fluid velocity must increase through the constriction to satisfy the equation of continuity, while its pressure must decrease due to conservation of energy: the gain in kinetic energy is supplied by a drop in pressure or a pressure gradient force.
Hooke’s law the extension of a spring is in direct proportion with the load added to it as long as this load does not exceed the elastic limit
Beer’s law if the path length and the molar absorptivity (or the absorption cross section) are known and the absorbance is measured, the concentration of the substance (or the number density of absorbers) can be deduced
Created by: kristyat73