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Heat

Thermal Energy

QuestionAnswer
What is solar energy? energy given off by the sun
What is radiation? energy that the sun transfers; it is moved through matter and space
What is infrared radiation? bundles of energy that transfer heat
What is temperature? a measure of the average energy of motion of matter (how warm it is outside!)
What do all particles require to move? energy
What is the energy of the motion of particles in matter? thermal energy
What is the transfer of thermal energy by particles bumping into each other called? conduction
What is the transfer of thermal energy from one piece of matter to another? heat
What is the transfer of energy by hot particles moving in a liquid or gas called? convection
What is any material that can burn called? fuel
What is the other type of energy called, that is the energy of a moving object? kinetic energy
Air temperature rises when the particles in the air ____. moves faster
The particles in water move fastest when the water is _____. boiling
The particles in water move the slowest when water is ______. frozen
When you add hot water to cold water, the cold water warms up because of _____. convection
Sunshine transfers energy through _____. radiation
Thermal energy can be transferred through conduction by one piece of matter to another ONLY if they are ______. touching
Solar energy heats water flowing through panels by ____. infrared radiation
Created by: MissMeyer