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Ayurvedic Herbology

Categories of dravya, Rasa, Virya, Vipaka, Prabhava, Dosage, Prep, Karma Dosa

QuestionAnswer
What are the (7) Categories of Dravyas (substance)? Dravya (substance), Guna (property), Karma (action), Rasa (taste), Virya (potency), Vipaka (post digestive effect), Prabhava (special/unique property)
What are the two categories/types of Virya (potency)? Usna & Sita
What are the three categories/types of Vipaka (post digestive effect) Madhura (sweet), Amla (sour), or Katu (pungent)
What are the (8) factors in the consideration of dosage? Strength of the patient, strength of a disease, strength of an herb, strength of digestive agni, duration of disease, season, age of patient, sex of patient.
What are the (5) main methods of preparing herbs? Fresh juice (Svarasa), Herbal past (Kalka)/powder (Churna), Decoction (Kvatha), Hot infusion (Phanta), Cold infusion (Hima)
What are the (6) categories of understanding the Universe? Dravya (substance), Guna (quality), Karma (action), Samanya (commonality), Vishesh (specificity), Samavaya (composition/oneness)
What does Anupana mean in Sanskrit? Carrier
Two qualities of commonly used anupanas for Vata are______. Moist & Warm (ex. sesame oil, warm water)
Two qualities of commonly used anupanas for Pitta are______. Cool & Sweet (ex.ghee, cool water, milk)
Two qualities of commonly used anupanas for Kapha are _______. Dry & Warm (ex. honey, warm water)
What is the Latin name for Amalaki (amla)? Phillanthus emblica
What is the rasa of Amalaki? Amla dominant, Pancharasa (except lavana)
What are (3) gunas as of Amalaki? Guru, Ruksha, Hima
Is Amalaki sita or usna virya? Sita
What is the vipaka of Amalaki? Madhura
What is the prabhava of Amalaki? Vayahsthapan (anti-aging)
What is the dosha karma of Amalaki? Decreases Pitta
What is the Latin name of Ashwagandha? Withania somnifera
What are the rasas of Ashwagandha? Katu, Kashaya, a little Madhura
What are the two gunas of Ashwagandha? Laghu, snighda
Is Ashwagandha usna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Ashwagandha? Madhura
What is the dosha karma of Ashwagandha? Decreases Kapha and Vata
What is the Latin name of Bibhitaki? Terminalia bellirica
Name two rasas of Bibhitaki. Kashaya, madhura
What are the two gun as of Bibhitaki? Laghu, snigdha
Does Bibhitaki have an ulna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Bibhitaki? madhura
What is the dosha karma of Bibhitaki? Decreases Vata, Pitta, and Kapha
What is the Latin name of Brahmi? Bacopa monniera
What are the three rasas of Brahmi? Katu, Kashaya, a little madhura
What are the three gun as of Brahmi? Laghu, Ruksha, Sara
Is Brahmi usna or sita virya? Sita
What is the vipaka of Brahmi? Madhura
What is the prabhava of Brahmi? Balancing manohava srota (mental illness)
What is the dosha karma of Brahmi? Balanes Vata, Pitta, Kapha
What is the Latin name for Bhringaraja? Eclipta alba
What are the two rasas of Bhringaraja? Katu, Tikta
What are two gunas of Bhringaraja? Laghu, Ruksha
Does Bhringaraja have an ulna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Bringaraja? Katu
What is the dosha karma of Bhringaraja? Decreases Kapha and Vata
What is the Latin name for Haritaki? Terminalia chebula
What are the rasas of Haritaki? Kshaya dominant, Pancharasa (except lavana)
What are the two gunas of Haritaki? Laghu, Ruksha
Does Haritaki have an usna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Haritaki? Madhura
What is the dosha karma of Haritaki? Reduces Vata, Tridoshic
What is the Latin name of Nimba (Neem)? Azadiracta indica
What are the two rasas of Nimba (Neem)? Tikta, Kshaya
What are the two gunas of Nimba (Neem)? Laghu, Ruksha
Does Nimba (Neem) have ushna or sita virya? sita
What is the vipaka of Nimba (Neem)? Katu
What is the dosha karma of Nimba (Neem)? Decreases Kapha and Pitta
What is the Latin name of Pippali? Piper longum
What is the rasa of Pippali? Katu
What are the three gun as of Pippali? Laghu, Snigdha, tiksna
What is the virya for Pippali? Anusha, sita
What is the vipaka of Pippali? Madhura
What is the dosha karma of Pippali? Decreases Kapha and Vata
What is the Latin name of Yastimadhu/Madhuyasti? Glycerhiza glabra
What is the rasa of Yastimadhu/Madhuyasti? Madhura
What are the (2) gunas of Yastimadhu/Madhuyasti? Guru, snigdha
Does Yastimadhu/Madhuyasti have an usna or sita virya? Sita
What is the vipaka of Yastimadhu/Madhuyasti? madhura
What is the dosha karma of Yastimadhu/Madhuyasti? Decreases Vata and Pitta. Also have unique property of decreasing Kapha
What is the Latin name for Ajwain? Trachyspernum ammi
What are (3) rasas of Ajwain? Katu, tikta, slightly kshaya
What are the (3) gunas of Ajwain? Laghu, snigdha, tiksna
Does Ajwain have an usna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Ajwain? Katu
What is the dosha karma of Ajwain? Decreases Kapha and Vata; Increases Pitta
What is the Latin name for Asafoetida? Ferula asafoetida
What is the rasa of Asafoetida? Katu
What are the (3) gunas of Asafoetida? Laghu, snigdha, tiksna
Does Asafoetida have an usna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Asafoetida? Katu
What is the dosha karma of Asafoetida? Decreases Vata and Kapha
What is the Latin name for Black Pepper? Piper nigrum
What are two rasas of Black pepper? Katu, Tikta
What are two gunas of Black pepper? Laghu, tiksna
Does Black Pepper have an usna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of black Pepper? Katu
What is the dosha karma of Black Pepper? Decreases Vata and Kapha. Pitta can use in small amounts (increases)
What is the Latin name for Cardamom? Elettaria cardamomum
What are the (2) rasas of Cardamom? Laghu, ruksa
Does Cardamom have an usna or sita virya? Sita
What is the vipaka of Cardamom? Madhura
What is the dosha karma of Cardamom? Decreases Vata, Pitta, and Kapha
What is the Latin name for Cinnamon? Cinnamomum zeylanicum
What are the (3) rasas of Cinnamon? Katu, tikta, madhura
What are (3) gunas of Cinnamon? Laghu, tiksna, ruksa
Does Cinnamon have an usna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Cinnamon? Katu
What is the dosha karma of Cinnamon? Decreases Kapha and Vata; Increases Pitta
What is the Latin name for Clove? Syzygium aromaticum
What are (2) rasas of Clove? Katu, tikta
what are (3) gunas of Clove? Laghu, tiksna, snigdha
Does Clove have an usna or sita virya? Sita
What is the vipaka of Clove? Katu
What is the dosha karma of Clove? Decreases Kapha and Pitta
What is the Latin name for Coriander? Coriandrum sativum
What are (4) rasas of Coriander? Kashaya, tikta, katu, madhura
What are (2) gunas of Coriander? Ladhu, snigdha
Does Coriander have an usna or sita virya? Sita
What is the vipaka of Coriander? Madhura
What is the dosha karma of Coriander? Decreases Vata, Pitta, and Kapha
What is the Latin name of Cumin? Cuminum cyminum
What are (3) rasas of Cumin? Katu, tikta, kshaya
What are (2) gunas of Cumin? Laghu, ruksha
Does Cumin have an usna or sita virya? Mildly usna
What is the vipaka of Cumin? Katu
What is the dosha karma of Cumin? Decreases Vata and Kapha
What is the Latin name for Fennel? Foeniculum vulgare
What are (3) rasas of Fennel? madhura, tikta, katu
What are (3) gunas of Fennel? Laghu, snigdha, tiksna
Does Fennel have an usna or sita virya? Sita
What is the vipaka of Fennel? Katu
What is the dosha karma of Fennel? Decreases Vata and Kapha
What is the Latin name for Fenugreek? Tigonella foenum-graecum
What are the (2) rasas of Fenugreek? Kshaya, Katu
What are (2) rasas of Fenugreek? Laghu, snigdha
Does Fenugreek have an usna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Fenugreek? Katu
What is the dosha karma of Fenugreek? Decreases Kapha and Vata; Increases Pitta and Rakta
What is the Latin name for Garlic? Nameallim sativum
What are the rasas of Garlic? Dominantly Katu, pancharasa (except alma)
What are (4) gunas of Garlic? Tiksna, guru, picchila, cala
Does Garlic have an usna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Garlic? Katu
What is the dosha karma of Garlic? Decreases Vata and Kapha; Increases Pitta
What is the Latin name for Ginger? Zingiber officinale
What is the rasa of fresh Ginger? Katu
What are (5) gunas of Ginger? Laghu, snigdha, ruksha, tiksna, guru
Does fresh ginger have an usna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Ginger? Madhura, Katu (fresh ginger)
What is the dosha karma of Ginger? Decreases Vata and Kapha; neutralizes Pitta
What is the Latin name for Mustard? Brassica nigra
What are the (2) rasas of Mustard? Tikta, Katu
Name the guna associated with Mustard. Tiksna
Does Mustard have an usna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Mustard? Katu
What is the dosha karma of Mustard? Decreases Kapha and Vata
What is the Latin name of Nutmeg? Myristica fragrans
What are the (3) rasas of Nutmeg? Katu, tikta, kashaya
What are the (3) gunas of Nutmeg? Laghu, snigdha, tiksna
Does Nutmeg have an usna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Nutmeg? Katu
What is the karma dosha of Nutmeg? Decreases Vata and Kapha
What is the Latin name for Sesame? Sesamum indicum
What are (4) rasas of Sesame? madhura, kashaya, katu, tikta
What are (2) gunas of Sesame? Guru, snigdha
Does Sesame have an usna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Sesame? Madhura
What is the dosha karma of Sesame? Decreases Vata; Increases Kapha and Pitta
What is the Latin name of Tumeric? Curcuma longa
What are the (3) rasas of Tumeric? Tikta, Katu, Kshaya
What are the (2) gunas of Tumeric? Laghu, ruksha
Does Tumeric have an usna or sita virya? Usna
What is the vipaka of Tumeric? Katu
What is the karma dosha of Tumeric? Decreases Vata, Pitta, and Kapha
Name two medicinal uses of Amalaki. Constipation, Urinary problems, Headache, Vomiting, *Promotes eyesight
Name two medicinal uses of Ashwagandha Strengthens muscle and bone, rejuvenating for men, sedative
Name two medicinal uses of Bibhitaki Expectorant, clears congestion, bronchodilator, intestinal inflammation or parasites.
Name two medicinal uses of Brahmi Promotes intellect/cognitive function, epilepsy, bronchial asthma, hoarseness of voice, diuretic.
Name two medicinal uses of Bhringaraja Insomnia, liver/spleen enlargement, Promotes hair growth/used for alopecia, wound-healing, antiseptic, pitta-related headache
Name two medicinal uses of Haritaki A laxative and rejuvenative to excretory system, beneficial for GI ailments, colitis, tumors, hyperacidity and throat diseases. Is one of the ingredients in Triphala.
Name two medicinal uses of Nimba (Neem) Antiseptic/bacterial/fungal/inflammatory properties. Skin diseases, boils, ulcers, eczema
Name two medicinal uses of Pippali Removes cold, congestion, ama - especially in respiratory system. Disorders of the spleen, a powerful stimulant for digestive & respiratory system, asthma, coughs. It is the best rasayana to kappa dosha.
Name two medicinal uses of Tumeric Blood thinner, anti-inflammatory, analgesic. Promotes intestinal health, used in diabetes to clear ama, antibiotic for fevers, sore throat, inflammation of joints and tendons.
Name two medicinal uses of Yastimadhu/Madhuyasti Anti-inflammatory, gastritis, skin diseases, aphrodesiac
Name two medicinal uses of Ajwain Kindles agni, loosens mucus, liver problems, enlarged spleen. It's the main ingredient in Trikatu.
Name two medicinal uses of Cardamom Reduces gas, mouth freshener, expectorant, bronchitis, asthma, cough.
Name two medicinal uses of Cinnamon Improves agni, stimulates liver, diuretic, chronic cough, cardio stimulant, expectorant.
Name two medicinal uses of Clove Improves agni, analgesic, aphrodisiac, stimulates liver and is used for weak digestion, indigestion, flatulence, or heartburn, arthritis, toothache, purifies breast milk, relieves thirst and vomitting.
Name two medicinal uses of Cumin Improves agni, reduces gas, chronic fever, skin disorders, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuretic, aids digestion and absorption of food.
Name two medicinal uses of Fenugreek roasted seeds for diarrhea, rheumatoid arthritis, improves menstrual functions post natally, abdominal pain, flatulance.
Name two medicinal uses of Garlic juice used for skin disorders like eczema, asthma, chronic cough, oil infused with garlic for earache, reduces cholesterol
Name two medicinal uses of Ginger Excellent digestive, anti-flatulent, vomitting, abdominal pain, headaches/migraines, anti-hemorrhoid, menstrual cramps, analgesic
Name two medicinal uses of Asafoetida Carminative, anti-spasmotic, abdominal distention, colic pain, constipation, analgesic
Name two medicinal uses of Mustard Improves agni, externally used for skin/itching disorders, anti parasitic
Name two medicinal uses of Nutmeg Improves agni, digestive aid, diarrhea, colitis, liver disorders, aphrodisiac, insomnia, stimulates menstruation, decreases menstrual pain
Name two medicinal uses of Sesame Strengthens tissues and teeth, enkindles agni, amenorrhea/dysmenorrhea.
Name two medicinal uses of Tumeric Stops bleeding in digestive tract, kills worms, blood purifier, heals wounds and bruises on the skin, natural antibiotic, respiratory conditions such as cough or pharyngitis.
Created by: Krisananda
 

 



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