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Prop. of Matter-1

Properties of Matter (Part 1 of 2)

TermDefinition
STATES OF MATTER Solid, Liquid, Gas
PHASES OF MATTER Freezing, Melting, Evaporating, Condensation
BOILING POINT Temperature at which liquid turns into a gas 100o Celsius, 212o Fahrenheit and ABOVE “Phase Change” in the state of matter
COMPOUND Substance formed when 2 or more chemical elements are chemically bonded together i.e., Pure water –a compound (2 elements - hydrogen & oxygen) Pure table salt –a compound (2 elements - sodium & chlorine)
CONDENSATION POINT Point at which gas turns into liquid 100o Celsius, 212o Fahrenheit and BELOW “Phase Change” in the state of matter
FREEZING POINT Temperature at which a liquid turns into a solid 0° Celsius, 32° Fahrenheit and BELOW “Phase Change” in the state of matter
GAS a “State of matter “ No precise shape or volume Particles are spread apart Molecules in constant motion
HETEROGENEOUS NOT the same throughout NOT uniform (non-uniform)
HOMOGENEOUS same throughout or uniform i.e., Coffee, Chocolate Ice Cream
LIQUID a “State of matter“ Definite volume No fixed shape; assumes shape Molecules move freely
MELTING POINT Temperature at which a solid turns into a liquid 0o Celsius, 32o Fahrenheit and ABOVE “Phase Change” in the state of matter
MIXTURE Two or more substances Mixed together but not chemically combined
SOLID a “State of matter” Definite density and shape Molecules are closely packed Fix volume and shape
SOLUTION ONE substance evenly dispersed in another a/k/a Homogeneous mixture
SOLVENT (solute) It is a substance! (usually liquid) Dissolves other substances Example of a solvent is ________. Acetone for nail polish ru/e/emover Paint thinner for paints
SUBSTANCE Form oaf matter With a uniform chemical structure SAME properties and composition Either an element or a compound
Created by: pj johnson