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Chapter 12

Cardiovascular System

QuestionAnswer
Your entire system of blood vessels, including arteries, veins, and capillaries, is this long 60,000 miles
The three functional parts of the heart cardiac muscle (myocardium), conducting system, and blood supply
Chest pain due to an imbalance between oxygen supply and oxygen demand angina
Even if a person has a genetic tendency towards heart disease, these can facilitate healthy heart function and help prolong their life proper diet, exercise, and rest
The three types of angina Stable, unstable, and variant
Risk factors for angina Advanced age, coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, smoking, type A personality
The three major classes of drugs used to treat angina beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, and nitrates
The primary side effect of beta blockers bradycardia
The drug class most used for angina nitrates
The drug of choice for acute angina attacks nitroglycerin
Any variation from the normal rhythm of the heart arrhythmia
Normal cardiac rhythm is generated by this at approximately 70 - 80 beats per minutes sinoatrial node
excessively high heart rate tachycardia
The most important drug in managing atrial flutter and fibrillation digoxin (Lanoxin)
Disease where the pumping ability of the heart can no longer meet the metabolic needs of the body's tissues congestive heart failure (CHF)
Accumulation of fluid in the body's tissues edema
Primary causes of heart failure cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease (CAD), hypertention (HTN)
The most troublesome side effect of ACE inhibitors persistent dry cough
A disease in which the systolic blood pressure is greater than 140 and diastolic is greater than 90 hypertension
The only antihypertensive drug supplied as a transdermal patch Catapres (clonidine)
This vasodilator also goes by the name of Viagra Revatio (sildenafil)
Another name for a heart attack myocardial infarction (MI)
What can be done to reduce the risk of a heart attack? stop smoking, exercise, decrease alcohol consumption, control diabetes, aspirin therapy, lower cholesterol
Another name for a blood clot thrombus
A sudden blocking of the pulmonary artery pulmonary embolism
This prevents clot formation by inhibiting clotting factors anticoagulant
This class of drug dissolves clots by binding to the clot protein formed by fibrin fibrinolytics
The result of an event that interrupts the oxygen supply to a localized area of the brain stroke
The two primary events that cause a stroke ischemic stroke, cerebral hemorrhage
"Good cholesterol" HDL
"Bad cholesterol" LDL
Cholesterol lowering drugs are always used as an adjunct to this proper diet control
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors are known at "statins" for this reason They all end in -statin. Ex: lovastatin, pravastatin, simvastatin
The reason why statins should be taken at night The body produces more cholesterol at night
Created by: sarakiefer