Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chapter 12

Cardiovascular System

Your entire system of blood vessels, including arteries, veins, and capillaries, is this long 60,000 miles
The three functional parts of the heart cardiac muscle (myocardium), conducting system, and blood supply
Chest pain due to an imbalance between oxygen supply and oxygen demand angina
Even if a person has a genetic tendency towards heart disease, these can facilitate healthy heart function and help prolong their life proper diet, exercise, and rest
The three types of angina Stable, unstable, and variant
Risk factors for angina Advanced age, coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, smoking, type A personality
The three major classes of drugs used to treat angina beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, and nitrates
The primary side effect of beta blockers bradycardia
The drug class most used for angina nitrates
The drug of choice for acute angina attacks nitroglycerin
Any variation from the normal rhythm of the heart arrhythmia
Normal cardiac rhythm is generated by this at approximately 70 - 80 beats per minutes sinoatrial node
excessively high heart rate tachycardia
The most important drug in managing atrial flutter and fibrillation digoxin (Lanoxin)
Disease where the pumping ability of the heart can no longer meet the metabolic needs of the body's tissues congestive heart failure (CHF)
Accumulation of fluid in the body's tissues edema
Primary causes of heart failure cardiomyopathy, coronary artery disease (CAD), hypertention (HTN)
The most troublesome side effect of ACE inhibitors persistent dry cough
A disease in which the systolic blood pressure is greater than 140 and diastolic is greater than 90 hypertension
The only antihypertensive drug supplied as a transdermal patch Catapres (clonidine)
This vasodilator also goes by the name of Viagra Revatio (sildenafil)
Another name for a heart attack myocardial infarction (MI)
What can be done to reduce the risk of a heart attack? stop smoking, exercise, decrease alcohol consumption, control diabetes, aspirin therapy, lower cholesterol
Another name for a blood clot thrombus
A sudden blocking of the pulmonary artery pulmonary embolism
This prevents clot formation by inhibiting clotting factors anticoagulant
This class of drug dissolves clots by binding to the clot protein formed by fibrin fibrinolytics
The result of an event that interrupts the oxygen supply to a localized area of the brain stroke
The two primary events that cause a stroke ischemic stroke, cerebral hemorrhage
"Good cholesterol" HDL
"Bad cholesterol" LDL
Cholesterol lowering drugs are always used as an adjunct to this proper diet control
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors are known at "statins" for this reason They all end in -statin. Ex: lovastatin, pravastatin, simvastatin
The reason why statins should be taken at night The body produces more cholesterol at night
Created by: sarakiefer



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards