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Chapter 16

Key terms

A disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a sexually transmitted infection that destroys the body's immune system. acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
Sustained exercise, such as jogging, swimming, or cycling, that stimulates heart and lung functioning. aerobic exercise
An interdisciplinary field that focuses on developing and integrating behavioral and biomedical knowledge to promote health and reduce illness. behavioral medicine
Structured activities whose goal is to improve health. exercise
Selye's term for the common effects on the body when demands are placed on it. The GAS consists of three stages: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion. general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
A field that emphasizes psychology's role in establishing and maintaining health and in preventing and treating illness. health psychology
Specific strategies (such as setting specific plans and goals) for dealing with the challenges of making a life change. implementation intentions
The field that explores connections among psychological factors (such as attitudes and emotions), the nervous system, and the immune system. psychoneuroimmunology
A return to former unhealthy patterns relapse
The belief that one can master a situation and produce positive outcomes self-efficacy
Infections that are contracted primarily through sex—vaginal intercourse as well as oral-genital and anal-genital sex. sexually transmitted infection (STI)
Five-step model that describes the process by which individuals give up bad habits and adopt healthier lifestyles. stages of change model
Programs that teach individuals to appraise stressful events, to develop skills for coping with stress, and to put these skills into use in everyday life. stress management programs
Model for effective change incorporating the theory of reasoned action but adding the person's perceptions of control over the outcome. theory of planned behavior
Model suggesting that effective change requires individuals to have specific intentions about their behaviors, as well as positive attitudes about the new behavior, and to perceive that their social group looks on the behavior positively. theory of reasoned action
Created by: Luckesm