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Pharmacology

TermDefinition
Antineoplastic Inhibit the growth of cancer cells. Due to the toxicity of many antineoplastics normal healthy cells are destroyed along with the cancerous cells.
Antiemetic used to treat nausea/vomiting: reflex that occurs from a variety of stimuli (Tigan (trimethobenzamide hydrochloride))
KCL Klor-Con (potassium chloride) Type of supplement
mEq milliequivalent
Antimetabolites prevent cell groeth and replication by mimicking natural metabolites and taking their place within the cells. (Adrucil (Fluorouracil))
Antivirals inhibit replication of viruses/viral organism invades the host cell and proliferates the cells DNA and RNA
Electrolytes water soluble substances that are contained in the body fluid as salts.
Beta Blockers drugs reduce the oxygen demands of the heart muscle (Propranolol(Inderal)) helps preserve heart function.
Antihypertensives reduce a sustained elevation in blood pressure/lowers blood pressure
Coumadin Brand/Generic: Coumadin/Warfarin Drug Cat.: anticoagulants Reason for prescription: prevent new blood clots from forming, and keep existing blood clots from getting worse Dea Sch: None Pregnancy Cat.: Category X ( do not use during pregnancy)
Anticoagulants Drugs that prevent blood clots to form
Lopressor Brand/Generic: Lopressor/Metroprolol Tartrate Drug Cat.:antihypertensives Reason for prescription: reduce a sustained elevation in high blood pressure Dea Sch.: None Preg. Cat.:C (risk cannot be ruled out)
Tamoxifen Generic: Tamoxifen Drug Cat.:Antaineoplastic Reason for prescription:treats advanced breast cancer in men and women, and early breast cancer in women Dea Sch.: None Preg Cat: D (positive eviidence of risk) Contraind.:problems with Eyesight, Stroke
Nystatin Brand/Generic: Biostatin/Nystatin Drug Cat.:Antifungals Reason for presciption: Treats infections caused by fungus Dea Sch: None Preg Cat: A ( studies show no risk) Contraindications: nausea and gastrointestinal upset
NSAIDs Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug: Pain relievers(Moltrin, Advil, etc)
Analgesics create a state in which the pain from a painful medical condition is reduced/pain reliever.
Lasix Brand/Generic: Lasix/Furosemide Drug Cat.: Reason for prescription: Treats fluid retention and high blood pressure Dea Sch.: None Pregnancy Cat.: C (risk cannot be ruled out) Contraindications: Absence of Urine Formation, Hearing Problem
Vasopressors act to increase blood pressure
Antianginals treat cardiac related chest pain
Nitroglycerine to treat chest pain in people who have coronary artery disease/nitrostat
Zithromax Brand/Generic: Zithromax/Azithromycin Drug Cat.: Anti-Infectives/Antivirals Reason for prescription: treats bacterial infections Dea Sch.:None Preg.Cat.: B (no evidence risk in humans) Contraindications:Yellowing of Skin or Eyes, Hearing Problem,etc
Flagyl Flagyl (metronidazole) Treats bacteria infections/ stop growth of bacteria and protozoa/ belongs to a class of antibiotics
Lidocaine anisthetic and causes numbness or loss of feeling and may be given before and during surgery, childbirth, dental work, etc. Also treats emergency hearth rhythm
Naprosyn Naproxen: treats fever and pain/ nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug(NSAID) side effects:stomach problems
Antipsychotics Usedtomanage psychoses, in particular schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
-olol beta-blockers
-olone Steroids
-mycin antibiotics
-conazole anti-fungals
-ase enzymes
-cillin penicillins
-azepram antianxiety agents
-azosin antihypertensives
-triptyline antidepressants
Motrin Motrin(ibuprofen) Pain reliever
Novocain Procaine(Novocain)causes numbness to an area
Adrucil
Aldactone Aldactone(Spironolactone)causes the kidney remove water and sodium from the body
Apresoline Apresoline((Hydralazine) treats high blood pressure when blood vessels are relaxed
Vasotec Vasotec(Enalapril) ACE inhibor treats high blood pressure
Verapamil Treats high blood pressure,severe chest pain(angina) and irregular heartbeat(arrhythmia)
Tenormin Tenormin(atenolol)treats high blood pressure and chest pain. It may also lower the risk of repeated heart attacks.
Lanoxin Treats certain heart rhythm problems (atrial fibrillation). Also used to treat heart failure,usually in combination with a diuretic (water pill)
Zocor Zocor (simvastatin)Lowers high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. May reduce the risk of heart attacks,stroke,and blood vessel problems.
Created by: gbaabby