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ā or a before
aa, āā or āa of each
ac before meals
A.D. RIGHT ear
ad lib as desired, freely
A.M. in the morning
amp ampule
aq. water
A.S. LEFT ear
A.U. BOTH ears
bid TWICE a day
C Celsius
_ c with
cap or caps capsule
cc cubic centimeter
comp. compound
cm centimeter
dil. dilute
dist. distilled
DC discontinue
DX diagnosis
elix. elixir
mixt. mixture
mL milliliter
N night
non rep do not repeat
NPO nothing by mouth
NS normal saline
od or qd once every day
O.D. RIGHT eye
O.S. LEFT eye
O.U. BOTH eyes
oz or Ʒ ounce
_ P after
p. or p per
pc after meals
po, per os by mouth
P.M. afternoon; evening
PRN as needed; when necessary
Q every, each
Qd every day
qh or q1h every hour
qhs every night at bedtime
q2h every 2 hours
ext. external; extract
F Fahrenheit
fl. or fld. Fluid
g or gm gram
gtt drop
H. hypodermically
h or hr hour
hs hour of sleep (BEDTIME)
ID intradermal(ly)
IM intramuscular(ly)
inj. injection
IV intraverous(ly)
IVPB intravenous piggyback
kg kilogram
KVO keep vein open
L liter
LA long acting
lb. pound
liq. liquid
m meter
m2 <--- (small number; squared) square meter
q4h every 4 hours
qid four times a day
qod every other day
qs as much as needed; quantity sufficient
qt quart
R rectal
rep. repeat
RX treatment
_ s without
sc subcutaneous(ly)
SL beneath the tongue; sublingualy
sol. or soln. solution
SQ; sq or sub q subcutaneous(ly)
__ ss, ss one half
stat. immediately, at once
supp suppository
susp. suspension
tab tablet
tbs, tbsp, or T tablespoon
tid three times a day
tinct. or tr. tincture
TKO to keep open
mcg or μg microgram
mEq milliequivalent
mg milligram
Mg magnesium
tsp teaspoon
U, u unit
ung ointment
XL long acting
XR extended release
5 milliliters = ___? teaspoon 1 teaspoon
15 milliliters = ___? teaspoons ___? tablespoon ___? ounce 3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon = 1/2 ounce
30 milliliters = ___? ounce ?___tablespoon 1 ounce = 2 tablespoons
1 tablespoon = ___ ? teaspoons 3 tsp
1 ounce= ___? tablespoons 2 tablespoons
1 kg = ___? lbs. 2.2 pounds
how to calculate mL/hr Total Volume / Total Time (HOURS) = mL/hr
how to calculate Drops per minute (gtt/min) Total Volume x Drop Factor / Total time (MINS.) = gtt/min
Created by: gambito215



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