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Manicuring Course

Infection Control (Bacteriology)

QuestionAnswer
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome a disease caused by the HIV virus, which breaks down the bosy's immune system; not a transmission risk in the salon. AIDS
Chemical germicides formulated for use on skin, registered and regulated by the FDA. Antiseptics
Short rod-shaped bacteria. Bacilli
One-celled microorganisms; some are harmful, most are harmless. Bacteria
Capable of destroying bacteria. Bactericidal
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids. Bloodeborne Pathogens
Slender, hairlike extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomotion. (Flagella) Cilia
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups (staphylococci; streptococci; diplococci). Cocci
Disease that can be easily spread to others by contact. Contagious Disease
Determining the nature of a disease or infection; must be done by a physician. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing any medical diagnosis. Diagnosis
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia. Diplococci
Abnormal condition of all or part of the body, organ, or mind that makes it incapable of carrying on normal function. Disease
An item that can be disinfected. Disinfectable
Chemical products that destroy most bacteria and viruses, but not spores, on surfaces. Disinfectants
The process that eliminates most microorganisms, but is not effective against bacterial spores. Disinfection
The effectiveness with which a disinfecting solution kills germs when used according to the label. Efficacy
Slender, hairlike extensions used by bacilli and sporilla for locomotion. (Singular: flagellum) Flagella
Microscopic plant parasites, including molds, mildews, and yeasts. (singular: fungus) Fungi
Capable of destroying fungi. Fungicidal
A bloodborne virus that causes disease affecting the liver. Hepatitis
Human immunodeficiency virus; virus that can cause AIDS. HIV
The invasion of body tissues by disease-causing (pathogenic) microorganisms; having evidence of pus. Infection
Infection that can be spread from one person to another person, from one innfected body part to another. Infectious
The body's response to injury or infection with redness, heat, pain, and swelling. Inflammation
Microscopic plant or animal. Microorganism
A type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects, but does not cause human infections in the salon setting. Mildew
Self-Movement Motility
Information compiled by a manufacturer about its product, ranging from ingredient content and associated hazards to combustion levels and storage requirements. Material Safety Data Sheet
Not harmful: not disease-producing. Nonpathogenic
Illness resulting from conditions associated with employment. Occupational Disease
Organisms that live in or on another organism and draws its nourishment from that organism. Parasite
Causing disease; harmful. Pathogenic
Skin Disease caused by infestation of head lice. Pediculosis Capitis
Capable of destroying the bacteria that cause tuberculosis. Phenolics
Absorbent; having pores or openings. Porous
A type of disinfectant solution safe for all uses in the salon; commonly called QUATS. Quaternary Ammonium Compound
Third level of decontamination; significantly reducing the number of pathogens or disease-producing organisms found on a surface. Sanitation
Common household bleach; disinfectant for salon use. Sodium Hypochlorite
Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that cause syphilis, Lyme disease, and other diseases. Spirilla
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes: cause abscesses, pustules, and boils. Staphylococci
Highest level of decontamination: completely kills every organism on a nonporous surface. Sterilization
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads; cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning. Streptococci
Poisonous substances, some of which can be produced by certain microorganisms. Toxins
Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that can cause tuberculosis. Tuberculocidal
Set of guidelines and controls, published by the CDC, that requires the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and specified human body fluids are infectious for HIV, HBV, and other bloodborne pathogens. Universal Precautions
Capable of destroying viruses. Virucidal
Submicroscopic structure capable of infesting almost all plants and animals, including bacteria: infectious agent that lives only by penetrating cells and becoming part of them. Virus
Created by: PlksWf
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