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Ch.1 Sec.1

geography the study of where people, places, and things are located and how they relate to each other
GIS geographic information systems
absolute location a place's position on the globe
hemisphere one half of the earth; northern and southern
relative location a place's relation compared to other places
character of a place the place's physical characteristics and human characteristics
perception a viewpoint that is influenced by one's own culture and experiences
formal region areas in which certain characteristics are found throughout the area
functional region consists of a central place and the surrounding places affected by it
perceptual region defined by the people's feelings and attitudes about areas
geographic tools instruments used to collect, organize, store, or display geographic data
physical characteristics instrumentals of the earth's surface, such as land forms, water systems, climate patterns, and plant and animal life
physical proces actions of nature that change the physical environment
climates regional long-term trends in weather and atmospheric conditions
ecosystems networks of plants and animals interacting with the environment
patterns of settlement distribution of populations among urban and rural communities
urbanization increase in the percentage of people living in cities
migration movement of people, often influenced by push-and-pull factors
population growth increase in the number of people in a specific area
cultures learned behavior of people, including their belief systems, languages, governments, and material goods
science and technology discoveries and inventions that help people to change or adapt to their environmens
government and citizenship how different viewpoints influence political decisions, divisions, and polices connected to geographic issues
cooperation and conflict methods used by countries and organizations to pursue goals, such as maintaining or expanding control over territory
economic systems ways in which a society satisfies basic needs through the production and distribution of goods and services
economic activities use of natural resources, production of goods, provision of services and distribution of information
global trade patterns international networks for exchanging goods and services
natural resources any part of the natural environment that people need and value
natural hazards natural events in the physical environment that are destructive, such as volcanoes and hurricanes
environmental change natural or human alterations to the environment
understanding the past analysis of how geography had affected historic events and places, environments, and cultures have changes over time
planning the future use of geographic knowledge and skills to analyze problems and make decisions that affect the future
MAIN IDEA Geographers use a verity of methods to collect, organize, and analyze information about the world
Created by: ebrock18