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Psychology Unit 1

TermDefinition
Psychology The science of the mind or of mental states and processes
Psychiatry the practice or science of diagnosing and treating mental disorders
Psychological of or relating to physiology
Cognitive the mental process of perception, memory, judgment, and reasoning, as contrasted with emotional and volitional process
Introspection Observation or examination of ones own mental state, mental process; the act of looking within oneself
Applied Science A discipline of science that applies existing scientific knowledge to develop more practical applications.
Insight An understanding of relationships that sheds light on or helps solve a problem.
Basic Science Does not necessarily have a direct application, fundamental
Eidetic Memory An ability to recall images, sounds, or objects in memory after only a few
Behavior Modification A scheduled approach that rewards desired behavior and "punishes" undesirable behavior.
Shaping Gradually molding or training an organism to perform a specific response by reinforcing any responses that are similar to the desired response.
Primary Reinforces no learning necessary for them to be reinforcing, natural.
Secondary Reinforces A situation in which a stimulus reinforces a behavior after it has been associated with a primary reinforce.
Extinction The gradual weakening of a conditioned response that results in the behavior decreasing or disappearing.
Generalization A conditioned response starts occurring in response to the presentation of other, similar, stimuli, just no the conditioned stimulus.
Discrimination The ability to distinguish between conditioned stimulus and other similar stimuli that don't signal an unconditional stimulus.
Feature Extraction A cognitive process that matches info from a stimulus with info retrieved from memory.
Selective Attention Where the brain selectively filters out large amounts of sensory info in order to focus on one message
Created by: jbirenbaum888