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acids,bases,PH scale

QuestionAnswer
what does the PH scale describe? whether a substance is an acid or base
what is an acid? a substance that produce hydronium ions H3O+ when dissolved in water
what kind of taste does an acid have? sour
acids react with metals to produce.......? hydrogen gas
it changes the litmus from _____ to _____ blue to red
(acid)when dissolved it_______into ______? ionizes into hydrogen
why are some acids considered strong? all of the HCI molecules ionize to form as many hydronium ions as possible.
why are some acids considered weak? most of the acetic acid molecules remain as molecules so very few hydronium ions are formed.
what is a base? substance that produces hydroxide ions OH- when dissolved in water
what kind of taste does a base have? bitter
it changes the litmus from _____ to _____ red to blue
why are some bases strong? it ionizes completely to form as many hydroxide ions as possible.
why are some bases weak? most of its molecules do not react in water, so very few hydroxide ions are produced.
when acids and bases are mixed in perfect proportions their properties disappear called a _________ reaction neutralization
what does pH describe? the exact concentration of hydronium ions in a solution
what does pH stand for? power of hydrogen
Created by: tap517654