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0469-GL: Appendix C

Medical terms

TermDefinition
Accreditation The process of granting recognition or vouching for compliance with established criteria (usually refers to recognition of an institution or program).
Adjudication Refers to the determination of the insurer's payment after the member's insurance benefits are applied to a medical claim.
Ambulatory pharmacy A pharmacy generally located within, or in close proximity to a clinic, hospital, or medical center that provides medication services to ambulatory patients
Aseptic technique The technique and procedures designed to prevent contamination of drugs, packaging, equipment, or supplies by microorganisms during preparation.
Automated dispensing technology Electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed.
Automated medication dispensing device A drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner.
Average sales price (ASP) Price based on manufacturer-reported selling price data and includes volume discounts and price concessions that are offered to all classes of trade.
Beyond-use labeling A date that is given to a medication noting when it should no longer be used; expiration date
Bioavailability The percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the bloodstream
Brand-name drug A drug that is covered by a patent and therefore is only available from a single manufacturer
Buccal A solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and gum and absorbed through the cheek into the bloodstream.
Centralized dispensing automation Technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location, such as the pharmacy, and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients.
Centralized pharmacy Self-contained; pharmacy services are provided from one location
Certification Voluntary process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association.
Chain pharmacy A pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products.
Community pharmacy Generally a stand-alone pharmacy located within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients.
Compounding The preparation, mixing, packing, and labeling of a small quantity of a drug based on a practitioner's prescription or medication order for a specific patient.
Controlled substances Drugs or chemical substances whose possession and use are regulated under the Federal Controlled Substances Act and by state controlled substance laws and regulations; stricter controls than other prescription and non-prescription drugs.
Copayment (copay) The portion of the cost of a prescription that the patient is responsible for paying.
Decentralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are on or near a patient care area, i.e. pharmacy satellite.
Direct purchasing Buying directly from a manufacturer.
Dispensing The act of preparing a medication for patient use as authorized by a prescription
Drug distribution services The system(s) used to distribute medications that begins when the medication is received by the pharmacy and ends when the medication is administered to the patient.
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Federal agency that administers and enforces fed. laws for controlled substances and illegal substances (i.e. narcotics); U.S. Dept.of Justice.
Durable medical equipment reusable equipment (i.e. wheelchairs, walkers, blood glucose meters)
Electronic medication administration record (eMAR) Part of a computerized patient medical record where health care professionals document times and dates medications were administered to patients
Elixer A clear, sweet, flavored water-and-alcohol (hydroalcoholic) mixture intended for oral use.
Excretion The irreversible removal of a drug or metabolite from the body i.e. kidneys and biliary tract).
Formulary A specific list of drugs that are included with a given prescription drug plan.
Generic drug A drug that is no longer covered by a patent and is therefore generally available from multiple manufacturers, usually at a lower cost.
Hazardous material Any material that poses a risk to people, animals, property, or the environment.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Federal legislation enacted to establish guidelines for the protection of patients' private health information.
Hospital formulary An approved list of medications that are routinely stocked in the hospital pharmacy to treat the types of patients the hospital typically serves.
Intracardiac Injected directly into the heart muscle.
Intradermal Injected directly into the top layers of the skin.
Intramuscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass.
Intrapleural Administered into the pleural space, the sac that surrounds the lungs.
Intratracheal Administered into the trachea (windpipe); endotracheal
Intrauterine Administered into the uterus
Legend drug A drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only ("Rx only").
Licensure Government agency grants permission to an individual to engage in an occupation upon possession of a degree of competency.
Lozenge A hard, disk--shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base.
Mail-order pharmacy A pharmacy that functions like a warehouse; dispensed prescriptions are mailed to (not picked up by) patients.
Material safety data sheets (MSDS) Chemical or drug information sheets provided by manufacturers that inform about specific hazards, guidelines for safe use, and recommendations to treat an exposure.
Medication administration record (MAR) Part of the paper medical record where health professionals document times and dates of administered medications.
Medication order A written, electronic, verbal, or telephone request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting.
Medication therapy management (MTM) A service or group of services that optimize therapeutic outcomes for a patient.
Naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) Radioactivity that is present naturally in the environment.
Ointment A semisolid medication dosage form, applied to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricates and often softens or is used as a base for drug delivery.
Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs Drugs that are available without a prescription.
Parenteral A medication administration route that is not through the gastrointestinal tract (i.e. intravenous, subcutaneous).
Patient counseling The act of educating a patient, by a pharmacist, regarding proper use of a prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing.
Patient profile A list of information about the patient.
Pharmacist Health care professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy.
Pharmacy satellite A physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services.
Practice of pharmacy Regulated by each state through its pharmacy laws and regulations.
Prescription The written of verbal authorization for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent or individual patient.
Primary prescription label A label, affixed to a dispensed drug product, that contains legally required information.
Professional A person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced specialized training.
Professionalism Actively demonstrating the attitudes, qualities, and behaviors of a professional.
Purchase order A document executed by a purchaser and forwarded to a supplier that is considered a legal offer to buy products and services.
Registration Process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list
STAT Abbreviation of the Latin word statim, meaning immediately
Stock rotation Placing the products that will expire first in front of the shelves.
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin.
Sublingual Placed under the tongue
Suspension A mixture of fine particles of an undissolved solid spread throughout a liquid or a gas (less common).
Technician An individual skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession.
Topical Applied to the skin, mucous membranes, or other external parts of the body, such as fingernails and hair
Transdermal Through the skin; percutaneous
Unit dose distribution system A system that provides all or most medications to patients in a unit dose ready-to-administer form
Unit-dose package A non-reusable container designed to hold a quantity of drug to be administered as a single dose.
Wholesaler A large-scale warehouse with drugs and supplies located in various geographic regions that help to bring pharmaceutical products closer to the market.
Inhalent A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into the respiratory tract.
Created by: gleflore