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Chapter 15

Acids and Bases

Acid Any compound that produces hydronium ions (H+) when it is in water.
Indicator A compound that can reversible change color depending on the pH (changes color to indicate how acidic or basic something is).
Base Any compound that produces hydroxide ions (OH-) when in water.
Neutralization reaction The reaction of an acid and a base to form a neutral solution of water and salt.
Salt An ionic compound that forms when a metal atoms replaces the hydrogen of an acid.
Hydrocarbon An organic compound composed only of carbon and hydrogen.
Buffer Solutions with ions that react with acids or bases and lessen their effects.
Esters Made from acid and alcohol and used in perfumes.
Polyester Synthetic fibers that consist of many esters
Hydronium Ion Given off by acids
Indicator A substance that changes color in an acid or a base.
pH Potential of Hydrogen; used to measure the hydronium ions in a solution.
Titration The process in which a solution of known concentration is used to find the concentration of a second solution.
Soaps Substances that are made when sodium or potassium hydroxide react with fatty acids (used to clean but doesn't dissolve in water).
Detergents Similar to soap but dissolves in water.
Created by: Kenmore Science