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Chapter 2

TermDefinition
adware A software program which delivers advertising content in a manner unexpected and unwanted by the user.
armored virus A virus that goes to great lengths to avoid detection.
back door Software code which gives access to a program or a service that circumvents normal security protections.
bot herder An attacker who controls a botnet.
botnet A logical computer network of zombies under control of an attacker.
command and control the structure a bot herder uses to instruct zombies in a botnet.
computer virus Malicious code that reproduces itself on the same computer.
dumpster diving The act of digging through trash receptacles to find information that can be used in an attack.
hoax A false warning designed to trick users into changing security settings on their computer.
impersonation A social engineering attack that involves masquerading as a real or fictitious character and then playing out the role of that person on a victim.
keylogger Software or hardware device that captures keystrokes.
logic bomb computer code that lies dormant until triggered by a specific logical event.
macro A series of instructions that can be grouped together as a single command, often used to automate a series of tasks.
macro virus A computer virus which is written in a script known as a macro.
malware Software that enters a computer without a user's knowledge or consent and then performs unwanted, possibly harmful, actions.
metamorphic malware Malware that rewrites it's own code to appear different each time it is executed.
oligomorphic malware Malware that changes its internal code to one of a set number of predefined mutations whenever it is executed.
pharming A phishing attack which automatically redirects the user to a fake site
phishing Sending an email or displaying a web announcement that falsely claims to be from a legitimate enterprise in an attempt to trick users into surrendering private info.
polymorphic malware Malware code that completely changes from its original form each time it is executed.
program virus A virus that infects program executables.
ransomware Malware that prevents a user's device from properly operating until a fee is paid.
rootkit A set of software used by an attacker to hide the presence or actions of other malicious software.
shoulder surfing Watching an authorized user enter passwords or security codes.
social engineering A means of gathering information for an attack by relying on the weakness of individuals.
spam unsolicited emails.
spear phishing A fishing attack that targets only specific users.
spim Instant message spam.
spyware A general term that describes software which spies on users.
tailgating When an unauthorized individual enters a secure building by following an authorized person in.
Trojan An executable program which purports to be useful, but actually installs malicious code.
typo squatting taking advantage of misspelled URLs.
vishing Telephone phishing attacks
watering hole attack Directed toward a small group of individuals that use the same website.
whaling phishing for fat chicks (or rich people)
worm A malicious program designed to enter a PC via network to take advantage of a vulnerability in an application or operating system.
zombie An infected computer that is under the remote control of an attacker.
Created by: O'Bryan