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Neuroanatomy

nondominant hemisphere lesions

QuestionAnswer
the act or process of knowing, including reasoning, awareness, judgment and intuition Cognition
integration of sensory impressions into information that is meaningful Perception
appreciation of stimuli through the special sense organs Sensation
Attention disorders and Memory Disorders are what kind of disorders? cognitive
Body scheme/body image disorders, Spatial relation disorders, Agnosias, and Apraxias are what kind of disorders? perceptual
the ability to select and attend to a specific stimulus while simultaneously suppressing extraneous stimuli Attention
Attending to relevant information during activity refers to what kind of attention? Sustained attention
Attending to a task despite environmental visual or auditory stimuli refers to which kind of attention? Focused or selective attention
Moving between tasks and responding appropriately to each refers to which type of attention? Alternating attention
Responding simultaneously to two or more tasks or stimuli when all stimuli is relevant refers to which types of attention? Divided attention
Retention of information that has been stored for a few seconds is what type of memory? Immediate recall
Retention of events that have taken place over a few minutes, hours or days is what type of memory? short-term memory
Retention of information acquired over years,most common following TBI or Alzheimer’s Disease refers to what type of memory? Not as common with stroke Long-term memory
Visual and mental image of one’s body, includes feeling about one’s body especially in relation to health or disease...refers to what? Body Image
Postural model of the body, Includes relation of body parts to each other and relation of body to the environment... refers to what? Body Scheme
Inability to register and integrate stimuli and perceptions from one side of the body and the environment surrounding that side of the body, not due to sensory loss, frequently seen post stroke...is? Unilateral Neglect
The denial and lack of awareness of the presence or severity of one’s paralysis, the lack of awareness or denial of one’s paretic extremity as belonging to the person, or the lack of insight concerning or denial of paralysis is? Anosognosia
Lack of awareness of body structure and relation of body parts to oneself or others is? Somatoagnosia
Inability to identify the right and left sides of one’s body or that of the examiner is? Right Left Discrimination Disorder
Inability to visually distinguish a figure from the background in which it is embedded is? Figure-Ground Discrimination
Difficulty in understanding and remembering the relationship of one location to another, Unable to get from one place to another with or without a map is? Topographical Disorientation
Distorted perception to what is vertical Seen commonly during early recovery post stroke Vertical Disorientation
Most common form of agnosia, Inability to recognize familiar objects despite normal functioning of the eyes, Can recognize once object is handled refers to? Visual object agnosias
Inability to recognize familiar faces Related to ANY visual stimulus that recognition of which depends on evoking a memory,Different species of birds,Different makes of cars, Usually accompanied by visual field impairments refers to? prosopagnosia
Inability to recognize nonspeech sounds or discriminate between them Auditory Agnosia
Inability to recognize objects by handling them,Intact tactile, proprioceptive and thermal sensations,Causes ADL difficulties Tactile Agnosia (Astereognosis)
Breakdown between concept and performance, there is a disconnect between the idea of a movement and its motor execution,Able to carry out habitual tasks automatically and describe how they are done but is unable to imitate gestures or perform on command Ideomotor apraxia
Failure to conceptualize a task,Inability to perform a motor task either automatically or on command because the patient no longer understands the concept of the task Ideational Apraxia
Created by: txst fall 2008