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# VACCINES

### EXAM1: pediatrics

Question | Answer |
---|---|

How many doses are needed for Hepatitis B1 vaccine? | 3 doses |

When is the first dose given for Hepatitis B1? | At birth |

When is the second dose given for Hepatitis B1? | 1-2 months |

When is the third dose given for Hepatitis B1? | 6-18 months |

How is Hepatitis B1 vaccine administered? | IM |

What is a contraindication of Hepatitis B1 vaccine? | Allergic yeast reaction |

Side effects of Hepatitis B1 vaccine | Soreness @ injection site, mild fever, fussiness and anaphylaxis |

How many doses are needed for Rotavirus vaccine? | 3 doses |

When is the first dose given for Rotavirus vaccine? | 2 months |

When is the second dose given for Rotavirus vaccine? | 4 months |

When is the third dose given for Rotavirus vaccine? | 6 months |

How is Rotavirus vaccine administered? | ORAL |

What is a contraindication for Rotavirus vaccine? | Hx of intussusception |

Side effects of Rotavirus vaccine | Temporary diarrhea and vomiting |

How many doses are needed for DTaP vaccine? | 5 doses |

When is the first dose given for DTaP? | 2 months |

When is the second dose given for DTaP? | 4 months |

When is the third dose given for DTaP? | 6 months |

When is the fourth dose given for DTaP? | 15-18 months |

When is the fifth dose given for DTaP? | 4-6 years |

How is DTaP administered? | IM |

What are some contraindications for DTaP vaccine? | Severe CNS episode within 7 days after previous dose of DTaP & undiagnoses, new-onset neuro problem |

Serious side effects of DTaP vaccine | Seizures, insolable crying >3hrs, fever 105 F+, collapse, shock |

How many doses are needed for Haemophilus Influenza B (Hib) vaccine? | 4 doses |

When is the first dose given for Haemophilus Influenza B (Hib) vaccine? | 2 months |

When is the second dose given for Haemophilus Influenza B (Hib) vaccine? | 4 months |

When is the third dose given for Haemophilus Influenza B (Hib) vaccine? | 6 months |

When is the fourth dose given for Haemophilus Influenza B (Hib) vaccine? | 12-15 months |

How is Haemophilus Influenza B (Hib) vaccine administered? | IM |

What is a contraindication for Haemophilus Influenza B (Hib) vaccine? | Not given to children >5 years unless they have a special health condition (weak immune system) |

Side effects of Haemophilus Influenza B (Hib) vaccine | Fever and inflammation @ injection site |

How many doses are needed for Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV) vaccine? | 4 doses |

When is the first dose given for Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV) vaccine? | 2 months |

When is the 2nd dose given for Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV) vaccine? | 4 months |

When is the 3rd dose given for Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV) vaccine? | 6 months |

When is the 4th dose given for Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV) vaccine? | 12-15 months |

How is the Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV) vaccine administered? | IM |

What are some contraindications for the Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV) vaccine? | None specific |

Side effects of Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV) vaccine | Inflammation @ the injection site, drowsiness, loss of appetite & fussiness |

How many doses are needed for the Polio virus (IPV) vaccine? | 4 doses |

When is the 1st dose given for Polio virus (IPV) vaccine? | 2 months |

When is the 2nd dose given for Polio virus (IPV) vaccine? | 4 months |

When is the 3rd dose given for Polio virus (IPV) vaccine? | 6-18 months |

When is the 4th dose given for Polio virus (IPV) vaccine? | 4-6 years |

How is Polio virus (IPV) vaccine administered? | SQ |

What are some contraindications for the Polio virus (IPV) vaccine? | Allergies to antibiotics (neomycin, streptomycin, polymyxin B) |

Side effect of Polio virus (IPV) vaccine | Soreness @ the injection site |

How many doses are needed for the Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) vaccine? | 2 doses |

When is the 1st dose given for Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) vaccine? | 12-15 months |

When is the 2nd dose given for Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) vaccine? | 4-6 years |

How is the Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) vaccine administered? | SQ |

What are some contraindications for the Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) vaccine? | Pregnancy & severe immunodeficiency |

Serious side effects of the Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) vaccine | seizures, joint swelling&pain, temporary thrombocytopenia lymph node swelling |

How many doses are needed for the Varicella vaccine? | 2 doses |

When is the 1st dose given for the Varicella vaccine? | 12-18 months |

When is the 2nd dose given for the Varicella vaccine? | 4-6 years |

How is the Varicella vaccine adminstered? | SQ |

Serious side effects of the Varicella vaccine? | pneumonia and seizures |

What are some contraindications to the Varicella vaccine? | Pregnancy, immunodeficiency and allergies to neomycin & gelatin |

When should the 1st dose of Influenza vaccine be administered? | 6 months (up to 18 years) |

How is the Influenza vaccine adminsitered? | IM |

What are some contraindications for the Influenza vaccine? | Allergy to eggs and GBS hx |

How many doses are needed for the HepA vaccine? | 2 doses |

When is the 1st dose of HepA vaccine administered? | 12-23 months |

When is the 2nd dose of HepA vaccine administered? | 6 months after the previous dose |

How is the HepA vaccine administered? | IM |

What are some contraindications for HepA vaccine? | None specific |

Side effects of HepA vaccine? | Headache, loss of appetite, tiredness, inflammation at the site |