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Pharm Tech

Doses and Terminology

TermDefinition
Absorption Process where a drug is taken up from the site of administration and is transported to the blood stream
Distribution Process where a drug, once in the bloodstream, is delivered to specific organs and tissues in the body to exert its pharmacological effects.
Metabolism Disappearance of a drug, when it changes chemically into another compound
Excretion Process by which the drug is eliminated from the body - Primarily by the kidney
Bioavailability Percentage or fraction of the administered dose of a drug that actually reaches systemic circulation.
Therapeutic Incompatibility When the effectiveness of two drugs is decreased when given together.
Therapeutic Duplication When two drugs from the same class are given together.
Adverse Effects Effects other than the desired ones
Anaphylactic Reaction A severe adverse reaction to the administration of a drug
Side Effects Effects that are predictable and widely reported
Toxicities Effects that are harmful and destructive to the body
Cross Sensitivity Allergy to drugs that are chemically similar
Drug Interactions A change in the magnitude or duration of the pharmacological response of one drug because of the presence of another drug.
Possible detrimental Effects Increased risk of side effects, increased risk of toxicities, and decreased pharmacological response desired.
Additive response occurs when two or more drugs combined together yield a response when the drugs by themselves are not enough
Synergistic response Occurs when the effect of two or more drugs is greater than the sum of the drugs
A theoretical ratio weigh risks vs benefits, must be done on an individual basis
Contraindicated When a drug used for one indication cause an increase in severity of another indication.
Pharmacology Pharmacology is the study of drugs and their interactions with the human body to produce therapeutic effects.
Drug A drug is a substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation (decrease in severity), treatment, or prevention of disease in human beings or animals.
Non- prescription drugs Also referred to as over the counter (OTC) drugs.
Created by: Kconley1