Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Anatomy

Radiation Therapy - Anatomy

QuestionAnswer
What is the function of cranial nerve 8? Balance and hearing (Mosby, 196)
Which vertebra has no body? C1 (Lazo, 246)
What is the junction of the ascending colon and the transverse colon called? Hepatic flexure (Washington and Leaver, 766)
What is the most likely extra-abdominal site for metastasis of the pancreas? Lung (Mosby, 162)
What anatomical structure is located behind the nose and extends from the posterior nares to the level of the soft palate? Nasopharynx (Mosby, 138)
What are the three main lymphatic drainages of the nasopharynx? Retropharyngeal, deep cervical, and jugulodiagastric (Van et al., 39)
The oropharynx starts and ends at what vertebral level? C1 to C3 (Washington and Leaver, 722)
What anatomy is the most common site of disease for oropharynx malignancy? Tonsil (Washington and Leaver, 723)
What anatomy is the most common site of disease for hypopharynx malignancy? Pyriform sinuses (Washington and Leaver, 724)
The larynx is divided into what three regions? Glottis, supraglottis, and subglottis (Washington and Leaver, 728)
The salivary glands consist of what three major glands? Parotid, submandibular, sublingual glands (Washington and Leaver, 732)
The mediastinal nodes of the lungs consist of what node groups? Superior mediastinal, tracheal, aortic, carinal and subcarinal, pulmonary ligaments (Washington and Leaver, 669)
From the most superficial to the deepest, what are the layers of the colon? Serosa, muscularis, submucosa, mucosa (Washington and Leaver, 767)
What is the last structure of the stomach called? Pylorus (Van et al., 115)
Achalasia is a disorder of what organ? Esophagus (Washington and Leaver, 782)
The esophagus starts and ends at what vertebral level? C6 to T10-T-11 (Washington and Leaver, 782)
What is the histological difference between the esophagus and the usual layers of bowel? The esophagus lacks a serosa layer (Washington and Leaver, 782).
What are the three lymphatic drainages concerning anal cancer? Inguinal nodes, external and internal iliac nodes, and mesenteric nodes (Van et al., 141-142)
What is the middle division of the small bowel called? Jejunum (Van et al., 155)
The pancreas starts at what vertebral level? L1-L2 (Van et al., 122)
What are the four main lymphatic drainage of pancreatic cancer? Pancreaticoduodenal nodes, porta hepatis, suprapancreatic nodes, and paraaortic nodes (Van et al., 123)
The deep surface of the breast lies on what two muscles? Pectoralis major and serratus (Van et al., 71)
What two nodes are mostly involved concerning Hodgkin’s lymphoma? Cervical and supraclavicular (Van et al., 85)
The rectum is located between the sigmoid colon __ and the anus __. Proximally; distally (Van et al., 133)
Of the paranasal sinuses, which one is most frequently involved with carcinoma? Maxillary sinus (Van et al., 44)
What is the sentinel node for metastatic malignancies of the parotid? Jugulodiagastric (Van et al., 54)
What is gray matter composed of? Oligodendroglia, astrocytes, and non-dividing neurons (Van et al., 59)
What is white matter composed of? Nerve fibers, axons, oligodendroglia, and supporting astrocytes (Van et al., 59)
Concerning CNS tumors, where is the most common infratentorial site of malignancy? Cerebellum (Van et al., 59)
Which cranial nerve can be affected by an enlargement of the retropharyngeal node? 9-12 (Washington and Leaver, 726)
How many pairs of nerves comes from the spinal cord? 31 (Washington and Leaver, 749)
What is an epithelial membrane? A connective tissue covered by a layer of epithelial tissue (Washington and Leaver, 917)
What is the basic structure of the penis? Two corpora cavernosa and corpus spongiosum (Washington and Leaver, 839)
The kidney starts and ends at what vertebral level? T11 to L3 (Washington and Leaver, 855)
What is the largest lymphatic organ? Spleen (Washington and Leaver, 612)
What is the normal range for white blood cells? 3.9 to 10.80 thousand/mm^3
The adrenal glands are drained into what lymph node? Paraaortic nodes (Washington and Leaver, 658)
Where in the lung do the transition of blood, lymphatic vessels, and nerves occur? Hilum (Washington and Leaver, 668)
What anatomy is consider the outermost portion of the gynecologic tract? Vulva (Washington and Leaver, 805)
What is the most common body habitus? Sthenic habitus (Washington and Leaver, 382)
The ___ drains the lower body and the left side of the upper body and empties into the __. Thoracic duct; left subclavian vein (Washington and Leaver, 385)
The thoracic duct begins at what vertebral level and is called what? L2; cisterna chyli (Washington and Leaver, 386)
How many bones are in the skull? 29 (Washington and Leaver, 386)
How many bones are in the adult vertebral column? 33 (Washington and Leaver, 387)
What lymph node is also known as the spinal accessory nodes? Posterior cervical node (Washington and Leaver, 397)
The rectum starts at what vertebral level? S3 (Washington and Leaver, 405)
The angle of mandible is generally located at what vertebral level? C2-C3 (Washington and Leaver, 414)
The umbilicus is at what vertebral level? L4 (Washington and Leaver, 403)
The crest of the ilium is located at what vertebral level? L4 (Washington and Leaver, 399)
Which prostate glands produces the most components of semen? Seminal vesicles (Lazo, 216)
What anatomical structures is at the same level of the vallecular? Base of tongue (Mosby, 146; Vann)
Which cranial nerves can be affected by an enlargement of the retropharyngeal node? 9-12 (Washington and Leaver, 726)
What is the name of cranial nerve 1? Olfactory (Mosby, 196)
What is the name of cranial nerve 2? Optic (Mosby, 196)
What is the name of cranial nerve 3? Oculomotor (Mosby, 196)
What is the name of cranial nerve 4? Trochlear (Mosby, 196)
What is the name of cranial nerve 5? Trigeminal (Mosby, 196)
What is the name of cranial nerve 6? Abducens (Mosby, 196)
What is the name of cranial nerve 7? Facial (Mosby, 196)
What is the name of cranial nerve 8? Vestibulochlear (Mosby, 196)
What is the name of cranial nerve 9? Glossopharyngeal (Mosby, 196)
What is the name of cranial nerve 10? Vagus (Mosby, 196)
What is the name of cranial nerve 11? Accessory (Mosby, 196)
What is the name of cranial nerve 12? Hypoglossal (Mosby, 196)
What is the function of cranial nerve 1? Smell (Mosby, 196)
What is the function of cranial nerve 2? Vision (Mosby, 196)
What is the function of cranial nerve 3? Controls eye movement (vertical); lens and pupil (Mosby, 196)
What is the function of cranial nerve 4? Movement of eye (rotational) and muscle sense (Mosby, 196)
What is the function of cranial nerve 5? Chewing movements; touch, pain, temperature sense of head and face (Mosby, 196)
What is the function of cranial nerve 6? Movement of eye (lateral) (Mosby, 196)
What is the function of cranial nerve 7? Facial expression; taste (Mosby, 196)
What is the function of cranial nerve 9? Swallowing and secretion of saliva; aid in blood pressure and respiration (Mosby, 196)
What is the function of cranial nerve 10? Sensations and movement of organs (talking) (Mosby, 196)
What is the function of cranial nerve 11? Shoulder movement; turning of the head; movement of the viscera; voice (Mosby, 196)
What is the function of cranial nerve 12? Speech and swallowing (Mosby, 196)
Where is cranial nerve 1 located? In the olfactory foramina of the ethmoid (Mosby, 196)
Where is cranial nerve 2 located? From the eye to the optic canal (Mosby, 196)
Where is cranial nerve 3 located? In the superior orbital fissure (Mosby, 196)
Where is cranial nerve 4 located? In the superior orbital fissure (Mosby, 196)
Where is cranial nerve 5 located? In the superior orbital fissure (Mosby, 196)
Where is cranial nerve 6 located? In the superior orbital fissure (Mosby, 196)
Where is cranial nerve 7 located? In the acoustic canal through to the facial canal (Mosby, 196)
Where is cranial nerve 8 located? Internal acoustic canal (Mosby, 196)
Where is cranial nerve 9 located? Jugular foramen (Mosby, 196)
Where is cranial nerve 10 located? Jugular foramen (Mosby, 196)
Where is cranial nerve 11 located? Jugular foramen (Mosby, 196)
Where is cranial nerve 12 located? Hypoglossal canal (Mosby, 196)
What is the sentinel node for metastatic malignancies of the vulva? Inguinal nodes (Mosby, 175)
What is the usual lymphatic spread of cervical cancer? Parametrial, pelvic, common iliac, periaortic, and supraclavicular nodes (Mosby, 177)
What are the sentinel nodes for metastatic malignancies of the endometrium? Internal and external iliac nodes (Mosby, 179)
Which lymph nodes drains the lip? Submental, submaxillary, and jugulodiagastric (Van et al., 8)
The false vocal cord is located __ to the glottis. Lateral (Van et al., 19)
What abnormal spinal curvature is associated with the vertebral column being convex posteriorly? Kyphosis (Washington and Leaver, 389)
Which gland produces tears? Lacrimal gland (Washington and Leaver, 392)
What is the anatomy of the Adam’s apple? Thyroid notch (Washington and Leaver, 397)
What is another name for the left supraclavicular node? Virchow’s node
What is another name for the internal iliac node? Hypogastric node (Washington and Leaver, 408)
The hyoid bone is at what vertebral level? C4 (Washington and Leaver, 408)
What vertebra is the first prominent spinous process in the posterior neck? C7 (Washington and Leaver, 394)
The common iliac node lie at what vertebral level? L4 (Washington and Leaver, 408)
Created by: benxiong86