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Genetics

TermDefinition
Trait the specific forms of a characteristic that are passed on to offspring through genes
Heredity the passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetics the study of heredity
Gregor Mendel a scientist who first studied heredity
Dominant Trait a trait that is always visible when allel is present
Recessive Trait a trait only visible when the dominant trait isn't present
Genes a set of instructions for an unherited trait
Alleles the different forms of a gene such as dominant or recessive represented by a letter
Phenotype the observation constitution of an orginism
Genotype the genetic makeup of an orginism with a single trait or more
Homozygous two of the same allels
Heterozygous two different allels
Probability a quantity or fact of being probable
Punnett Square a type of grid that can indicate all the possible outcome or a genetic cross
Meiosis a part of the process or cell division
Selective Breeding the intentional mating of two orginisms in an attept to produce offspring with desirable characteristic
Inbreeding the mating of closely related individuals as self fertilized plants, increases the number of recesive plant
Hybridization to cause too produce hybrids cross
Cloning the process of producing a clone
DNA a set of nongenetic traits, qualitues or features that characteristic a person or thing
Mutation a sudden departure from the parent type in one or more heritible characteristics, caused by a change in a gene or a chromosome
Genetic Engineering the development and application of scientific method, procedures and technologies that permit direct minipulation
Created by: 200320478