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Flash Cards

TermDefinition
Absorption Passage of a substance through a body surface into body fluids or tissues
Adverse effect Harmful unintended reactions to a drug
Agonist Chemical that binds to a receptor and activates the receptor to produce a biological response
Antagonist A substance that interferes with or inhibits the physiological action of another
Bioavailability The proportion of a drug or other substance that enters the circulation when introduced into the body and so is able to have an active effect
Biotechnology The exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other purposes
Biotransformation Chemical changes that a substance undergoes in the body
Bolus Small, round mass of substance. Chewed food
Contraindication Condition or circumstance that indicates that a drug should not be used
Distribution Circulation of drugs after absorption to the organs of the body
Duration The time which something continues
Emulsion Dispersion of droplets of one liquid into another which is not soluble
Enteral Passing through the GI tract; through mouth and esophagus or artificial opening
Excretion Elimination of by products of drug metabolism from the body. Mainly through the kidneys
Hypersensitivity Allergic or excessive response of the immune system to a drug or chemical
Idiosyncratic effect Unusual reaction to a drug other than expected
Indication List of conditions for which a drug is meant to be used
Local effect Affecting one specific area or part
Onset The time required after administration of a drug for a response to be observed
Parenteral Any route of administration not involving the GI tract
Pharmacodynamics The branch of pharmacology concerned with the effects of drugs and the mechanism of their action
Pharmacokinetics The branch of pharmacology concerned with the movement of drugs within the body
Plasma protein binding This effects the drug's efficiency. The less bound, the more it can diffuse
Reconstituted Reconstruct
Side effect An undesirable effect of a drug or medical treatment
Solubility Property of a chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solvent
Solution A liquid mixture in which the minor component (solute) is uniformly distributed within the major component (solvent)
Suspension A mixture of two or more substances. Small solids spread through a liquid but don't dissolve
Synergist A substance that works with another to form synergy
Systemic effect Affecting the whole body or system
Topical Applied to a specific area for a local effect
Controlled substance A drug controlled by prescription requirements because of the danger of addiction and abuse
Narcotics A drug or other substance affecting mood or behavior and sold for nonmedical purposes
DEA Drug Enforcement Agency: Bureau of the Dept of Justice that enforces the Controlled Substances Act
FDA Food and Drug Admin: Dept of Health and Welfare that enforces the provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
The Joint Commission Accredits and certifies health care organizations and programs in the United States.
OTC Over the counter drug: Medication available without a prescription
PDR Physician's Drug Reference: encyclopedia of US drugs
USP-NF United States Pharmacopeia and National Formulary: gives the composition, description, method of preparation, and dosage for drugs
Created by: cmae320