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PSYC-1 Vocab

Psych101 Vocab

psychology The scientific study of behavior and mind
mind The contents and processes of subjective experience: sensations, thoughts, and emotions.
behavior Observable actions such as moving about, talking, gesturing, and so on; can also refer to the activities of cells and to thoughts and feelings
clinical psychologist psychologist who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological probles
psychiatrists Medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems
applied psychologists Psychologists who extend the principles of scientific psychology to practical problems in the world
research psychologists Psychologists who try to discover the basic principles of behavior and mind
empiricism The idea that knowledge comes directly from experience
nativism The idea that some knowledge is innate, or present at birth
Gestalt psychology A movement proposing that certain organizing principles of perception are innate and cannot be altered by experience
structuralism An early school of psychology; -ists tried to understand the mind by breaking it down into basic parts, much as a chemist might try to understand a chemical compound.
systematic introspection An early technique used to study the mind; required people to look inward and describe their own experiences
functionalism An early school of psychology; -ists believed that the proper way to understand ind and behavior is to first analyze their function and purpose.
psychoanalysis A term used by Freud to describe his theory of mind and system of therapy
humanistic psychology A movement in psychology that focuses on people's unique capacities for choice, responsibility, and growth
behaviorism A school of psychology proposing that the only proper subject matter of psychology is observable behavior rather than immediate conscious experience.
eclectic approach The idea that it's useful to select information from several sources rather than to rely entirely on a single perspective or school of thought
evolutionary psychology A movement proposing that we're born with mental processes and "software" that we acquired through natural selection in our ancestral past and help us to solve specific adaptive problems
culture The shared values, customs, and beliefs of a group or community
Created by: katielucas16
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