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life span dev psych. ch 5

What a child has already learned and mastered. achievement
The potential to learn, or master, a particular skill or body of knowledge. aptitude
Education in which the teacher teaches in both English and the students’ native language. bilingual education
A measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to both adult men and women body mass index (BMI)
People's ability to sort objects according to the attributes they share, place things in a sensible and logical order, and hold a concept in their minds while make a decision about the concept classification
The period of cognitive development between 7 and 12 years of age characterized by the active appropriate use of logic. concrete operational stage
Exposure of the student to intense English language skill development with a goal of mastering English basics within approximately 6 months. English as a second language (ESL)
A legally required document specifying a series of educational goals for a child with special needs. individual education plan (IEP)
Aptitude tests designed to measure a person’s ability to learn. IQ tests
The setting that is most similar to that of children without special needs. least restrictive environment
Helps organize ideas and formulate reactions to events. Two important dimensions of long-term memory are storage and retrieval. long-term memory
The ability to “think about thinking.” This process allows children to evaluate a cognitive task and determine how best to accomplish it. metacognition
Body weight that is 20 percent or more above the weight that is considered ideal for the person’s age and height (i.e. a BMI of 30 or more). obesity
Body weight that is up to 20 percent above the average for a person of a given height and weight ( i.e., a BMI between 25.5 and 29.9). overweight
The period of approximately 2 years that begins at the end of middle childhood and ends with the thirteenth birthday. preadolescence
The development of secondary sex characteristics that occurs two years immediately before puberty when the child is developing initial physical changes that herald sexual maturity. prepubescence
The period of growth and hormonal changes that occur when sexual organs mature and the secondary sex characteristics develop, beginning earlier for girls than for boys. puberty
The principle that two things may change in opposite ways in order to balance each other out (also known as inversion). reciprocity
The logical principle that sometimes a thing can be returned to its original state by reversing the process by which it was changed (e.g. freezing water; melting ice). reversibility
Refers to the person’s overall and specific positive and negative self-evaluation. self-esteem
Refers to the child’s tendency to evaluate his/her own behavior, abilities, expertise, and opinions by comparing them to those of others. social comparison
An IQ test designed specifically for school age children. The test assesses many abilities including vocabulary, general knowledge, memory, and spatial comprehension. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-IV)
Short term memory that helps people understand current information, and relate it to previous learned information. working memory
Created by: 100001293488367