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RSPT chp 16 egans

clinical and lab data

QuestionAnswer
Clinical biochemistry Analysis of blood, urine and bodily fluids
hematology Analyzes cellular components of blood
microbiology Analysis of blood and other bodily fluids for presence of infectious agents
immunology Focuses on autoimmune and immune deficiency diseases
Anatomic pathology Analysis of tissue for diagnosing disease
Complete blood count (CBC) Counts and examines - leukocytes, erythrocytes, thrombocytes
neutrophils Increased with bacterial infection
lymphocytes Increased with viral and other infections reduced with immunodeficiency problems
eosinophil's Increased with allergic reactions and parasitic infections
basophils Increased with allergic reactions
monocytes Increased with invasion of foreign bodies
WBC count above normal leukocytosis
WBC count below normal leukopenia
Normal range for neutrophils 40-75 %
Normal range for eosinophils 0-6%
Normal range for basophils 0-1%
Normal range for monocytes 2-10%
Normal range for lymphocytes 20-45%
Bands Immature neutrophils
Segs segmented neutrophils Mature neutrophils
anemia Reduced red blood cells
polycythemia Abnormal elevation of RBCs
Normal range for hemoglobin 12-17 g/dl
What is an electrolyte A charged ion that influence the functions of certain enzymes
List a few electrolytes Sodium, potassium, chloride, glucose
renal mediated waste products creatine and blood urea nitrogen BUN
Normal range for creatine 1.5
Normal range for BUN 20-25
anion gap normal range 8-14 mmol/l
An ion gap Determines if decrease in HCO3 is caused by disruption of normal an ion balance or presence of abnormal acid anion
What is lactate End product of anaerobic glucose metabolism, overproduction or insufficient metabolism results in lactate acidosis
Pancreatic enzymes lipase and amylase
Symptoms of ischemic damage to the heart, brain and muscle tissue Elevated creatine phosphokinase (CPK)
thromobocytopenia Low platelets
thrombocytosis Excessive platelets
How is coagulation tested prothrombin time (PT), Partial thromboplastin time ( PTT) and (INR) international standardized ratio, D-dimer
What is a D- DIMER Found in blood when fibrin clots are dissolving, helps diagnose the presence of deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism
What kind of drug break up clots kinase drugs
Sweat chloride test Used in cystic fibrosis 40-60 mmol/l is borderline must be used with other tests to confirm diagnosis
What test is done to determine TB Acid fast test
Created by: pearlekg